Williams Syndrome Research Paper

Decent Essays

Williams Syndrome is a rare disease that is caused by deletion of certain genes in chromosome 7 during the formation of reproductive cells. It is known as an autosomal dominant condition because one copy of the altered chromosome 7 is all that is needed to cause Williams Syndrome. While it can be inherited from a parent who already has the disease, it can also randomly occur in anyone. It causes some medical problems along with physical abnormalities, mental capacities, and personality characteristics. This rare disease affects 1 in 7,500-10,000 people. An estimated 20,000-30,000 people in the United States currently have been diagnosed with Williams Syndrome. There is no specific gender that Williams Syndrome, it occurs equally in both of …show more content…

One of the big ones is Supravalvular Aortic Stenosis. Which is a narrowing of the aorta that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body. If this condition goes untreated it can eventually can heart failure and is one of the leading causes of death in people with Williams Syndrome. Hypertension will also occur it patients with Williams Syndrome and will have to monitored for the rest of their lives. Hypercalcemia can be found in infants with Williams Syndrome and it can cause severe irritability or colic like symptoms. It can be treated if needed but the irritability should subside as the child grows but they will more than likely have hypercalcemia the rest of their …show more content…

People is Williams Syndrome tend to have problems with visual spatial tasks, such as drawing and putting puzzles together, also ADHD, anxiety, and phobias are common. They also have developmental delays that can occur, like learning to walk, talk and toilet training may take longer than normal. They do however tend to do well in activities with music, spoken language and learning by repetition. They have personality traits that tend to include being very friendly, trusting, outgoing and engaging, and tend to take an extreme interest in people. There can also be fear of loud noises and a fear of physical contact. The fear of loud noises come from Hyperacusis, sensitive hearing, which can make certain sounds or frequencies painful or startling to the

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