Table of Contents
Introduction to management 3-5
Functions of management 6-7
Benefits of management 8-9
How to improve management? .10-11
In this short project we will be discussing why management is important within an organisation. The organisation we will be reviewing is Ryanair.
What is management?
Functions of management
Why is management important in an organisation?
What are the benefits of management in an organisation?
How can management be improved in an organisation? …show more content…
Planning is the foundation of all the functions of management upon which the other three areas should be built. During planning, management must evaluate the company’s current situation and then developing strategies to achieve these goals, this is called strategic planning.
The strategic plan of Ryanair has been to establish itself as Europe’s leading low-fares airline.” Ryanair aims to offer low fares that generate increased passenger traffic while maintaining a continuous focus on cost-containment and operating efficiencies.” (www.ryanair.com)
To accomplish the goals outlined during the planning phase managers need to link employees, responsibilities, and resources together through organisation. Henri Fayol stated that “To organize a business is to provide it with everything useful or its functioning i.e. raw material, tools, capital and personnel’s”.
Managers at Ryanair implemented a strategy to keep operation costs low by limiting its fleet primarily to three variants of a single type of aircraft from a single manufacturer most of which are Boeing 737, this reduces the cost of personal training, maintenance and the purchase and storage of spare parts. It also leads to greater flexibility among crews as pilots and engineers are familiar with the aircraft. (www.ryanair.com)
Leaders motivate and communicate with employees, this involves daily personal contact with people to guide and inspire them toward
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After researching and went through many articles which were published on the Ryanair Airline in Europe. To me, the online resources are more utilized as book resources which can be dated back to 20th century or more. The article 's which I read gives different facts and the information on marketing strategies which were used by the Ryanair Airline. Many of the contents are related to the work which I learned from this course on Airlines, and Airline Management and Marketing. The Ryanair Airline is known for its ' low airfare and consistent profitability and rapid growth. I think, the main goal for the Ryanair Airline is to provide low airfares for their customers and give high level of service, most of Ryanair passengers get excellent
Ryanair airlines low fare concept was conceived by three Irish businessmen in 1984 who wanted to break up the duopoly of the major airlines between Ireland and England. The strategy was simple in nature; offer lower prices than any competitor on the same route. Ryanair began operations in 1985 with a single 15 seat turboprop aircraft operating one route between Waterford, Ireland to London, England. The fare was only €99 ($138), less than 50% of the two competitors at the time. Ryanair carried 5000 passengers during the first year. In 2012, the airline carried more than 79 million passengers. Ryanair has demonstrated consistent growth and profit with the exception of 1991 and 2001(Ryanair, 2013).
Ryanair, Europe's first and largest low fares' airline started in 1985 and was set up the Ryan family with a share capital of just Â£1, and a staff of 25. Over the past few years the company has shown tremendous growth and now operates more than 1400 flights every day from 44 bases and around 1100 low fare routes across 27 countries which connect 160 destinations. The company now has approximately 73.5 million passengers in the current fiscal year.
Ryanair incorporated at no-frills, low-cost, quick to reach consumers destinations in a much modernized aviation industry. For instance, it is more cheaply, and more reliable, than any other airline including British Airways. They do not compromise on safety, top-drawer punctuality, near perfect baggage handling and efficient ‘green’ policy. The target markets of this particular airline are those who compromises on comfort and fare conscious customers. For example: Students, low-income earners, busy businessmen, and family (Ryanair.com). On the other hand, British Airways strategy is to become the world’s leading global premium airline by making cost that is base more efficiently and focus on outstanding customer service, which is a critical part of their strategy. The 5 strategy goals are to be the airline of choice for long haul premium customers, deliver and outstanding service for customers at every touch point, grow their presence in key global cities, build on the leading position in London and meet customers’ needs and improve margins through new revenue streams (British Airways PLC .com). The target market of British Airways is leisure travellers, consumers who want comfort and cost is not an issue (marketingmagazine.co.uk). Both aviation companies are customers based but they do differ from each other in their operation strategy.
Zara and Ryanair have been a great success in their own industry. Both of them are famous in their low cost comparing to its major competitors. This research is going to investigate the position of the two companies and recommendations are made to both companies to further improve their strategic position in the
Aim The aim of this report is to provide recommendation for how Ryanair can keep its continues growth and market in pursuing price cut and aggressive expansion in light of crippling fuel cost ,faltering demand of customer and global credit crisis challenging the airline industry in the European market.
Ryanair positioned itself as a low cost airline, which delivered services equivalent to that of British Airways and Aer Lingus. In terms of service quality, they positioned themselves in the same category as the aforementioned airlines, but at the same time, charging a relatively low price when compared to British Airways and Aer Lingus. Their strategy was to deliver first rate/ good quality customer services and offer meals and amenities comparable to that of British Airways and Aer Lingus. The second strategy was to charge a single fare ticket of I£98 on it Dublin-London service, which was very low when compared to British Airways and Aer Lingus’s rate of I£208 or I£99 if booked in advance.
Swift market responses need to be made by Ryanair, such as capitalising on the failure of other European airline by opening new routes on their existing failed ones, this will achieve greater economics of scale and thus costs fall. Ryanair should continue to look at the many airlines that have a limited geographic area
Ryan air’s success can be attributed to a few factors. First would be its ‘Ever-decreasing costs’ mantra, providing low cost, low fares and no frills carrier strategy while achieving operating efficiency and satisfying its customers which gives it a competitive advantage and cost leadership. It targets price sensitive customers and offers them the cheapest short haul service among all its competitors in the market. Ryanair gives much focus on keeping costs low and is constantly examining every area of its operation to implement cost reductions. The initiatives taken to keep costs low include:
In order to sustain among other competitors, Ryanair Holding should evaluate their strategy which is low cost business level strategy in the long run. This strategy alone is not a basis for competitive advantages, nor are advantages sustainable over time. This is because it can only be regard in helps Ryanair to increase its revenues or to lower costs. The firms also derive a temporary advantage because competitors quickly imitate or substitute for it as things that an organization own. Since economy is further growing, Ryanair faces a lot of challenges in maintaining their revenue growth while keeping ticket prices low. Thus, it is essential for Ryanair to narrow down and clarify their core competencies of innovative cost cutting and alternative
This article is focus on Ryanair case study in other to understand the main model and values in strategic management field. In addition, Ryanair was founded in 1985 and it is Irish low cost airline which has become Europe most popular aviation providers (Eleanor, 2016).
Planning means to look ahead and chalking out future courses of action to be followed. It is a preparatory step. Planning is an important function of management. In the absence of planning, all the business activities of the organization will become meaningless. It determines how and who is going to perform a specific job. Planning is about identifying and selecting appropriate goals and courses of action; one of the four principal take of management (Bethel University, 2006). Planning is always done for the future. Each goal should have financial and human resources projections associated with its completion. Each goal should have tasks or projects associated with its achievement. Strategic planning determines where an organization is going. It serves as framework. The most two important task that need to be done before a strategic planning. You need to review the organization and review the internal functions within the organization.
Since 1990 the company implemented a substantial transformation towards a “no frills” model that it was already utilized by the American Southwest Airlines. Ryanair has been the first low-cost airlines in Europe. The Ryanair features as “no frills” company, such as no free luggages, no free snacks or beverages on board and no selected seats, permits to the company to save on aircraft costs, faster turnaround situations and then less airport costs. For these reasons the company can offer to customer lower
Ryanair’s goal was to hold its position as Europe’s leading low-fares airline, operating frequent multi-destination flights on short-haul flights, based mainly in regional and secondary airports. The strategy was based on a mission of