Question
11.49 Which of the following affects the vapor pressure of a liq-
uid? (a) Volume of the liquid, (b) surface area, (c) intermo-
lecular attractive forces, (d) temperature, (e) density of the
liquid.
expand button
Transcribed Image Text:11.49 Which of the following affects the vapor pressure of a liq- uid? (a) Volume of the liquid, (b) surface area, (c) intermo- lecular attractive forces, (d) temperature, (e) density of the liquid.
Expert Solution

Want to see the full answer?

Check out a sample Q&A here
Blurred answer
Students who’ve seen this question also like:
Chemistry
Chemistry
10th Edition
ISBN: 9781305957404
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Not helpful? See similar books
Chemistry
Chemistry
Chemical Foundations. 1RQ
marketing sidebar icon
Want to see this answer and more?
Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*
*Response times may vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes for paid subscribers and may be longer for promotional offers.

Related Chemistry Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by students like you.

Q: The vapor pressure of CCl3F at 300 K is 856 torr.If 13 g of CCl3F is enclosed in a 1.2L container,…

A: Given,P = 856 torr = 1.126 atm  (since 760 torr = 1 atm)V = 1.2 LT = 300KR= 0.08206…

Q: The vapor pressure of CCl3F at 300 K is 856 torr. If 11.5 g ofCCl3F is enclosed in a 1.0 L…

A: Given: vapor pressure= 856 torr Temperature=300K Mass of CCl3F=11.5g Volume of the container=1.0L…

Q: The vapor pressure of CCl3F at 300 K is 856 torr. If 11.5 g of CCl3F is enclosed in a 1.0-L…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: The vapor pressure of 1-propanol is 10.0 torr at 14.7 °C. If the heat of vaporization of 1-propanol…

A: We have to calculate the vapour pressure at 68.8°C.

Q: The vapor pressure of 1-propanol is 10.0 torr at 14.7 °C. If the heat of vaporization of 1-propanol…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: 12.39 Which member in each pair of liquids has the lower vapor pressure at a given temperature?…

A: Vapor pressure: The pressure exerted by the molecules  is called vapor pressure of any molecule. But…

Q: 10. Which type of substance causes greater vapor pressure lowering? O an ionic compound O a covalent…

A: The given compounds are :   A. a covalent compound  B. a group of nonmetals C. a metallic compound…

Q: Ethanol, with ΔHvap = 40.5 kJ mol-1, has a higher ΔHvap than methanol, which is 35.2 kJ mol-1, due…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Ethanol, with AHvan = 40.5 kJ mol1, has a higher AHvap than methanol, which is 35.2 kJ mol1, due to…

A: Given data,∆Hvap for ethanol=40.5kJ/molInitial pressure (P1)=0.0992atmInitial…

Q: 12.39 Which member in each pair of liquids has the lower vapor pressure at a given temperature?…

A: Which member in each given pair of liquid has the lower vapor pressure is to be identified and…

Q: 14. The vapor pressure of ethanol is 114.9 mm Hg at 37.1 °C. Its molar heat of vaporization is 39.3…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: using intermolecular forces explainwhich molecule has a higher boiling point: hexane or water?

A: Click to see the answer

Q: The vapor pressure of ethanol is 100 mmHg at 34.9°C. What is its vapor pressure at 67.5°C?(ΔHvap for…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Diethyl ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3) was one of the first chemicals used as an anesthetic. At 34.6°C,…

A: Given. the vapour pressure of diethyl ether at  34.6°C = 760 atm the vapour pressure of diethyl…

Q: In tropical cities like New Delhi, India, coconut oil, which contains 86% saturated fat, turns into…

A: The fatty acids are long-chain aliphatic molecules with the carboxylic acid functional group. Based…

Q: Ethylene glycol is used in antifreeze.  What is the vapor pressure of ethylene glycol at 100 oC in…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: H HH Η Η Η H-C-C-C=H H-C-C-C-H ОН ОН ОН CI CI ČI Glycerol Trichloropropane Boiling point 290°C…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: The vapor pressure of ethanol at 34.7 °C is 100.0 mm Hg, and ΔHvap = 38.6 kJ/mol. What is the…

A: The relationship between vapor pressure and temperature is given by clausius clapeyron equation  The…

Q: Sketch the phase diagram for carbon dioxide. If you have carbondioxide at 1.0 atm and 25 °C, could…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Sketch the phase diagram for carbon dioxide. If you have carbondioxide at 1.0 atm and 25 °C, could…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: 12.39 Which member in each pair of liquids has the lower vapor pressure at a given temperature?…

A: Lower vapour pressure has a compound that has weaker intramolecular forces. Intermolecular forces…

Q: Suppose you have two colorless molecular liquids, one boilingat -84 °C, the other at 34 °C, and both…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Suppose you have two colorless molecular liquids, one boilingat -84 °C, the other at 34 °C, and both…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: The vapor pressure of ethanol is 400.0 mm Hg at 63.5oC (336.65K).  Its molar heat of vaporization is…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: - For the following molecules: methyl ethyl ether, CH3OCH2CH3; carbon disulfide, CS2; and benzene,…

A: Intermolecular forces present in- methyl ethyl ether = London dispersion, dipole-dipole forces CS2…

Q: Diethyl ether (CH;CH2OCH2CH3) was one of the first chemicals used as an anesthetic. At 34.6°C,…

A: According to the clausius clapeyron equation ln(P2 / P1 ) = (-ΔHvap / R) X ( 1/T2 - 1/T1 )  where P2…

Q: The vapor pressure of water at 25°C is 23.76 torr. If 1.25 g ofwater is enclosed in a 1.5 L…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: At 23.8 °C, the vapor pressure of isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) is 40. torr. At 39.5 °C, the…

A: Enthalpy of vaporization can be calculated by following formula

Q: 3.2 Propane (CH) has a normal boiling point of-42.0°C and a heat of Vaporization (Ham) of…

A: The expression of Clausius – Clapeyron equation is shown below: Where; P1 = vapor pressure at…

Q: 2. How do intermolecular forces of attraction define the properties and uses of matters?

A: There are two types of interactions possible: Intermolecular forces: the force of interaction…

Q: (1) In which liquid are the intermolecular attractive forces the weakest ? (2) Which liquid would be…

A: We are given two compounds and we have to compare there intermolecular forces and vapour pressure

Q: Diethyl ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3) was one of the first chemicals used as an anesthetic. At 34.6°C,…

A: According to the clausius clapeyron equation, ln(P2 / P1 ) = (-ΔHvap / R ) ( 1/T2 - 1/T1 )  where P2…

Q: 2) The vapor pressure of ethanol is 100 mmHg at 34.9°C. What is its vapor pressure at 63.5°C? (AHvap…

A: For ethanol  vapor pressure for ethanol  P1 = 100 mg  temperature T1 = 34.9 °C = 34.9 + 273.15 =…

Q: Which evaporates more quickly: 55 mL of water (H,O) in a bea- ker or 55 mL of acetone [(CH3),CO] in…

A: Acetone molecules are attracted by dipole -dipole forces, whereas water molecules are attached to…

Q: What is the most prominent intermolecular force/s of attraction present when water forms beaded…

A: The forces which are acting between two molecules are known as intermolecular forces,  these forces…

Q: 1. What is the use of dry ice? Dry ice, CO2 (solid), does not melt at atmospheric pressure. It…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Methanol has a normal boiling point of 64.6 °C and a heat of vaporization of (∆Hvap) of 35.2 kJ/mol.…

A: Using clausis-clapeyron equationlnP2P1=∆vapHR1T1-1T2Here ,      P2=vapour pressure of methsnol…

Q: Octane (C8H18, ΔH°vap = 41.6 kJ/mol) has a normal boiling point of 125.6 °C. What is the vapor…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: The vapor pressure of methanol (CH₃OH) at 25°C is 127.2 torr. A 6.25-g sample of methanol is placed…

A: Mass of Methanol (m) = 0.658 g

Q: A 4.7-L sealed bottle containing 0.33 g of liquid ethanol,C₂H₆O, is placed in a refrigerator and…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: The normal boiling point of Pd is 3140°C. What is its vapor pressure in mm Hg at 2659°C, if its heat…

A: Given : Normal boiling point of Pd = 3140 oC And heat of vaporisation of Pd = 353 KJ/mol = 353000…

Q: Ethanol, with AHvap = 40.5 kJ mol1, has a higher AHvap than methanol, which is 35.2 kJ mol1, due to…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: The vapor pressure of ethanol, CH3CH2OHCH3CH2OH, at 40.0 °C is 17.88 kPa. If 2.10 g of ethanol is…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Ethanol, with AHvap = 40.5 kJ mol, has a higher AHvap than methanol, which is 35.2 kJ mol, due to…

A: When the temperature of the volatile substance in liquid in increased below its boiling point, the…

Q: At 0.00 °C, hexane, CH14, has a vapor pressure of 45.37 mm Hg. Its AHvan is 30.1 kJ mol 1, What is…

A: The Clausius-Clapeyron Equation is used to calculate the vapor pressure of a liquid at desired…

Q: The vapor pressure of acetone (C3H,O) at 39.5°C is 400 torr. (a) If the boiling point of acetone is…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Liquid hexanol (CgH13OH) has a normal boiling point of 158 °C and liquid butanol (C,H,OH) has a…

A: Boiling point: Greater the intermolecular forces higher the boiling point Surface tension: Greater…

Q: 10. Which liquid has stronger forces of attraction between molecules, ethanol or water? WHY?

A: We are given vapor pressure versus temperature data. Vapor pressure of a liquid and the force of…

Q: The increase in vapour pressure of a liquid caused by an increase in temperature is best explained…

A: Vapour pressure  with temperature ;  As the temperature of a liquid increases,  the speed of…

Q: What intermolecular forces exist between molecules in a pure sample of water which has the molecular…

A: Click to see the answer

Knowledge Booster
Recommended textbooks for you
  • Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305957404
    Author:Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
    Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781259911156
    Author:Raymond Chang Dr., Jason Overby Professor
    Publisher:McGraw-Hill Education
    Principles of Instrumental Analysis
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305577213
    Author:Douglas A. Skoog, F. James Holler, Stanley R. Crouch
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
  • Organic Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9780078021558
    Author:Janice Gorzynski Smith Dr.
    Publisher:McGraw-Hill Education
    Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305079373
    Author:William L. Masterton, Cecile N. Hurley
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
    Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Bind...
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781118431221
    Author:Richard M. Felder, Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard
    Publisher:WILEY
  • Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305957404
    Author:Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
    Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781259911156
    Author:Raymond Chang Dr., Jason Overby Professor
    Publisher:McGraw-Hill Education
    Principles of Instrumental Analysis
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305577213
    Author:Douglas A. Skoog, F. James Holler, Stanley R. Crouch
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
    Organic Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9780078021558
    Author:Janice Gorzynski Smith Dr.
    Publisher:McGraw-Hill Education
    Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305079373
    Author:William L. Masterton, Cecile N. Hurley
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
    Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Bind...
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781118431221
    Author:Richard M. Felder, Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard
    Publisher:WILEY