A genetic experiment involving peas yielded one sample of offspring consisting of 455 green peas and 176 yellow peas. Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that under the same circumstances, 24 % of offspring peas will be yellow. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value, conclusion about the null hypothesis, and final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Use the P-value method and the normal distribution as an approximation to the binomial distribution.
State the appropriate hypothesis:
Let p be the population proportion of yellow offspring peas.
The given claim is that, the percentage of yellow offspring peas is equal to 24%.
That is, p = 0.24.
The researcher’s objective is to test, whether or not the proportion of yellow offspring peas is equal to 0.24.
The hypotheses are given below:
H0 : p = 0.24
That is, the proportion of yellow offspring peas is equal to 0.24.
Ha : p ≠ 0.24 (Two tailed test)
That is, the proportion of yellow offspring peas is not equal to 0.24.
Obtain the sample proportion:
It is given that among a sample of 631 (=455 + 176) offspring peas, 176 offspring peas are yellow in color.
The sample proportion of yellow offspring peas is obtained as 0.2789 (=176/631).
Obtain the test statistic value:
The test statistic value is obtained as follows:
In this case, the test is two tailed. ...
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