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Base on the coding strand of DNA: ATG GGA ATT CGC What is the sequence of the complementary template strand of DNA that pairs with the coding strand?


Base on the coding strand of DNA: ATG GGA ATT CGC What is the sequence of the complementary template strand of DNA that pairs with the coding strand?

Step 1

DNA or DeoxyRiboNucleic Acid is a biomolecule which serves as a genetic material in number of organisms including humans. It is a polymer composed of deoxyribonucleotides as its monomer.

Step 2

Deoxyribonucleotides are composed of deoxyribose sugar, phosphate and nitrogeneous base. Nitrogeneous base are of two types: Purines and Pyrimidines. Purines are further of two types i.e.  Adenine and Guanine. Pyrimidines are of three types i.e. Thymine, Cytosine and Uracil (out of these, only thymine and cytosine occur in DNA, uracil does not).

Step 3

DNA is a double stranded molecule. Each strand is formed of deoxyribonucleotides and has a backbone composed of alternate phosphate and deoxyribose sugar (five carbon sugar) units linked through phosphodiester bond. The nitrogeneous base are connected to backbone at first carbon of deoxyribose sugar. One end of the backbone has sugar unbound hydroxyl at its fifth carbon, this is termed as 5' end.  Other end has free hydroxyl at third carbon, this is termed as 3' end.

The strands a...

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