Classify the following substituents according to whether they are electron donors or electron acceptors relative to hydrogen by the resonance and the inductivemechanisms1.Inductive effectv Resonance effectCCH2CH2C NH2O:2.Inductive effectv Resonance effect3.Inductive effectResonance effectC-NHCH2CH2NH2

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Asked Jan 22, 2019
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Classify the following substituents according to whether they are electron donors or electron acceptors relative to hydrogen by the resonance and the inductive mechanisms.

Classify the following substituents according to whether they are electron donors or electron acceptors relative to hydrogen by the resonance and the inductive
mechanisms
1.
Inductive effect
v Resonance effect
CCH2CH2C NH2
O:
2.
Inductive effect
v Resonance effect
3.
Inductive effect
Resonance effect
C-NHCH2CH2NH2
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Classify the following substituents according to whether they are electron donors or electron acceptors relative to hydrogen by the resonance and the inductive mechanisms 1. Inductive effect v Resonance effect CCH2CH2C NH2 O: 2. Inductive effect v Resonance effect 3. Inductive effect Resonance effect C-NHCH2CH2NH2

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Classification of substituents as electron donating or electron withdrawing based on its inductive and resonance effect.

1. Is,                Inductive Effect : Withdrawing                            Resonance effect : Withdrawing

Here, the carbonyl functionality C=O group pulls electron both by induction and by resonance. Presence of this group on benzene leads to a meta substituting product.

2. Is,               Inductive effect : Withdrawing                             Resonance effect : Donating

Here, the oxygen attached next to the ring has lone pairs of electrons on it which are used for resonance donation to the ring. Thereby making the ring more electron rich for substitution. Whereas, oxygen is also a highly electronegative atom and thus pulls electrons by inductive effect. This group thus results in...

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