   Chapter 11, Problem 11.5.4P

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Textbook Problem

Sales mix and break-even sales Data related to the expected sales of kayaks and canoes for River Sports Inc. for the current year, which is typical of recent years, are as follows: The estimated fixed costs for the current year are $1.440.000. Instructions Based upon the break-even sales (units) in part (3), determine the unit sales of kayaks and canoes for the current year. To determine Concept Introduction: Cost Volume Profit (CVP) Analysis: The Cost Volume Profit analysis is the analysis of the relation between cost, volume, and profit of a product. It analyzes the cost and profits at the different level of production, in order to determine the breakeven point and required the level of sales to earn the desired profit. Contribution margin means the margin that is left with the company after recovering variable cost out of revenue earned by selling smart phones. The formula for contribution margin is as follows: Contribution margin = Sales - Variable cost. Similarly contribution margin ratio = Contribution/sales Breakeven Point: The Breakeven point is the level of sales at which the net profit is nil. It can be explained as a situation where the business is generating a sale that is equal to the expenses incurred and hence no profits no loss. Breakeven point in units is calculated with the help of following formula: Breakeven point (units) = Total Fixed Costs(Sales Price Per unit -Variable Cost per unit) Weighted Average Contribution Margin: Weighted Average Contribution Margin is calculated for two products with the help of following formula: Weighted Average Contribution Margin = (Contribution margin of Product A * Weight of product A) + (Contribution margin of Product B * Weight of product B) To Calculate: The Breakeven point in units for each product Explanation The Breakeven point in units for each product is calculated as follows:  Kayaks Canoes Overall Unit Selling Price (A)$ 400 $800 Unit Variable Cost (B)$ 240 $480 Unit Contribution Margin (C) =(A-B)$ 160 \$ 320 Sales Mix (D)

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