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Biochemistry

9th Edition
Mary K. Campbell + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305961135

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biochemistry

9th Edition
Mary K. Campbell + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305961135
Chapter 12, Problem 53RE
Textbook Problem
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BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What process distinguishes a short- term memory from a long-term one?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The process that distinguishes short-term memory from long-term memory is to be interpreted.

Concept introduction:

The theory of de novo protein synthesis is related to memory formation. It is a hypothesis about the formation of a physical correlation of memory in the brain.

Protein synthesis inhibitors were provided as antibiotics. They would inhibit the synthesis of proteins.

Explanation of Solution

The de novo protein synthesis states that the production of proteins is required to initiate, and potentially maintain, severe changes within the brain.

Long-term memory formation demands transient changes within the intracellular signaling cascades activity that are meant to regulate new gene transcriptions and de novo protein synthesis in the brain...

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Chapter 12 Solutions

Biochemistry
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Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY How would protein synthesis be...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Comment on the evolutionary...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS Why would IAV evolve to be...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS Explain how a frameshift...Ch. 12 - RECALL What is the role of ATP in amino acid...Ch. 12 - RECALL Outline the proofreading processes in amino...Ch. 12 - RECALL What ensures fidelity in protein synthesis?...Ch. 12 - RECALL Can the same enzyme esterify more than one...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY A friend tells you that she is...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Suggest a reason why the...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Is amino acid activation...Ch. 12 - RECALL Identify the following by describing their...Ch. 12 - RECALL What are the components of the initiation...Ch. 12 - RECALL What is the role of the 50S ribosomal...Ch. 12 - RECALL What are the A site and the P site? How are...Ch. 12 - RECALL How does puromycin function as an inhibitor...Ch. 12 - RECALL Describe the role of the stop signals in...Ch. 12 - RECALL Does mRNA bind to one or to both ribosomal...Ch. 12 - RECALL What is the ShineDalgarno sequence? What...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY You are studying with a friend...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY E. coli has two tRNAs for...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY In prokaryotic protein...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Describe the recognition process...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY The fidelity of protein...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY (a) How many activation cycles...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY What is the energy cost per...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Would it be possible to...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Suggest a possible conclusion...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY In the early days of research on...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Suggest a scenario for the...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Would you expect electron...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY How does it improve the...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY A virus does not contain...Ch. 12 - RECALL Why is selenocysteine called the 21st amino...Ch. 12 - RECALL What is unique about selenocysteine?Ch. 12 - RECALL What conserved sequences are important to...Ch. 12 - RECALL What sequence in the prokaryotic release...Ch. 12 - RECALL What are two major similarities between...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Why do amino acids other than...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Would puromycin be useful for...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Protein synthesis takes place...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Why is it advantageous to have a...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What process distinguishes...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What transcription factor...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What is one experiment...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS How does the strength of...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY The amino acid hydroxyproline is...Ch. 12 - RECALL Why do scientists now believe that AUG is...Ch. 12 - RECALL What types of proteins are known to be...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What are chaperones?Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS How would protein...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS How were chaperones...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Are chaperones the only proteins...Ch. 12 - RECALL What role does ubiquitin play in the...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Consider protein degradation in...Ch. 12 - REFLECT AND APPLY Is it reasonable to expect that...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What are exonic splicing...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What is a silent mutation?...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS How can a silent mutation...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What process in mRNA...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What diseases are known to...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What transcription factors...Ch. 12 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS How does protein...

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