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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 13, Problem 13.2YT
Textbook Problem
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Identify the Brønsted-Lowry acid and base in the following reaction:

C 5 H 5 N+H 2 O C 5 H 5 NH + +OH -

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Bronsted-Lowry acid and base of a given equation is to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Bronsted - Lowry theory describes interactions between acid and base in terms of proton transfer in chemical species. This theory states that if a compound is capable of transferring its protons to any other compound, it is an acid and a compound which readily accepts the proton is a base.

Explanation of Solution

Given information: C5H5N + H2 C5H5NH+ + OH

The fundamental concept lies in Bronsted - Lowry theory that when an acid reacts with base, then conjugate acid from a base and conjugate base from an acid is formed:

acid + base  conjugate base + conjugate acid

Bronsted - Lowry acid is a proton donor.

Bronsted - Lowry base is a proton acceptor.

In the given reaction, pyridine (C5H5N) reacts with water (H2O

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Chapter 13 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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Ch. 13 - Why are bases not commonly found in foods?Ch. 13 - List four common laboratory bases and their uses.Ch. 13 - What are the Arrhenius definitions of acids and...Ch. 13 - What are the Brnsted-Lowry definitions of acids...Ch. 13 - What is the difference between a strong acid and a...Ch. 13 - The pH scale is a logarithmic scale. What is meant...Ch. 13 - What pH range is considered acidic? Basic?...Ch. 13 - What acid is responsible for the sour taste of...Ch. 13 - What is pickling? What acid is responsible for the...Ch. 13 - Where can you find acetic acid?Ch. 13 - What is aspirin? How does it work?Ch. 13 - List several common acids and where they might be...Ch. 13 - What acids are present in wines? What kind of...Ch. 13 - What is an alkaloid?Ch. 13 - What causes acid indigestion? List some common...Ch. 13 - How does an antacid work?Ch. 13 - Explain how a leavening agent works.Ch. 13 - Which pollutants are responsible for acid rain?...Ch. 13 - Why is rain acidic even in the absence of...Ch. 13 - How acidic is rain in the United States? Can this...Ch. 13 - Why can some lakes and soils tolerate acid rain...Ch. 13 - What are the effects of acid rain on the...Ch. 13 - What is being done to decrease the acidity of U.S....Ch. 13 - Write a chemical equation to show the...Ch. 13 - Write a chemical equation to show the...Ch. 13 - Identify the Brnsted-Lowry acid and base in each...Ch. 13 - Identify the Brnsted-Lowry acid and base in each...Ch. 13 - Write a chemical equation using Lewis structures...Ch. 13 - Write a chemical equation using Lewis structures...Ch. 13 - A chemist makes two solutions. One is a 0.01-MHCl...Ch. 13 - A chemist makes a 0.001-MNaOH solution and a...Ch. 13 - Give the pH that corresponds to each solution and...Ch. 13 - Give the pH that corresponds to each solution and...Ch. 13 - What is the [H3O+] in a solution with a pH of 4?Ch. 13 - What is the [H3O+] in a solution with a pH of 11?Ch. 13 - Write chemical reactions to show how each antacid...Ch. 13 - Write chemical reactions to show how each antacid...Ch. 13 - Suppose that the stomach contains...Ch. 13 - Suppose that 250.0 mL of a basic solution is 0.100...Ch. 13 - Write a chemical reaction to show how SO2 forms...Ch. 13 - Write a chemical reaction to show how NO2 forms...Ch. 13 - Write a short paragraph explaining why a person...Ch. 13 - Examine the household chemicals shelf at your...Ch. 13 - Determine from the following molecular view of a...Ch. 13 - Determine from the following molecular view of a...

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