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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Write the conjugate acid for each of the following bases.

a. ClO-

b. Cl-

c.

ClO 3

d. ClO 4

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The conjugate acid for the base should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When an acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

Explanation

The given base is ClO. Since, it is a base thus; it can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate acid of the given base can be formed as follows:

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The conjugate acid for the base should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When an acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The conjugate acid for the base should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When an acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The conjugate acid for the base should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Acid is defined as a substance that gives hydrogen ion/s in the aqueous solution. Similarly, base is a substance that gives hydroxide ions in the aqueous solution. When an acid gives its hydrogen ion, conjugate base is formed and when a base gives its hydroxide ion, conjugate acid is formed.

For example, if HA is an acid, the reaction for formation of conjugate base will be as follows:

HAH++A

Here, A is conjugate base.

Similarly, if BOH is a base, the reaction for formation of conjugate acid will be as follows:

BOHB++OH

Here, B+ is conjugate acid.

Thus, a conjugate base can accept hydrogen ion and conjugate base can accept hydroxide ion.

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