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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343

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BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343
Textbook Problem

Identify each of the following as an acid or a base in terms of the Arrhenius concept. Give the chemical equation for the reaction of the substance with water, showing the origin of the acidity or basicity.

  1. a BaO
  2. b H2S
  3. c CH3NH2
  4. d SO2

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Each of the given as an acid or base in terms of Arrhenius concept has to be identified and their chemical equations has to be given.

Concept introduction:

Acid:

According to Arrhenius theory, a compound or a substance which completely ionized in a aqueous solution to give a hydronium ion and anion is said to be acid.

Base:

According to Arrhenius theory, a compound or a substance which completely ionized in a aqueous solution to give a hydroxide ion and cation is said to be base.

Explanation

(a)

Barium oxide will completely ionize in aqueous solution and forms its hydroxide ion.  Therefore the compound is in basic nature and its chemical equitation is represented as follows.

BaO is a base

The chemical equation with water is BaO + H2Ba2++ 2OH-

(b)

Hydrogen sulfide will completely ionize in aqueous solution and forms its hydronium ion.  Therefore the compound is in acidic nature and its chemical equitation is represented as follows.

H2S is an acid

The chemical equation with water is H2S + H2H3O+ + HS-

(c)

CH3NH2  will completely ionize in aqueous solution and forms its hydroxide ion.  Therefore the compound is in basic nature and its chemical equitation is represented as follows

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Chapter 15 Solutions

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Sect-15.8 P-15.8ESect-15.8 P-15.9ESect-15.8 P-15.10ESect-15.8 P-15.4CCCh-15 P-15.1QPCh-15 P-15.2QPCh-15 P-15.3QPCh-15 P-15.4QPCh-15 P-15.5QPCh-15 P-15.6QPCh-15 P-15.7QPCh-15 P-15.8QPCh-15 P-15.9QPCh-15 P-15.10QPCh-15 P-15.11QPCh-15 P-15.12QPCh-15 P-15.13QPCh-15 P-15.14QPCh-15 P-15.15QPCh-15 P-15.16QPCh-15 P-15.17QPCh-15 P-15.18QPCh-15 P-15.19QPCh-15 P-15.20QPCh-15 P-15.21QPCh-15 P-15.22QPCh-15 P-15.23QPCh-15 P-15.24QPCh-15 P-15.25QPCh-15 P-15.26QPCh-15 P-15.27QPCh-15 P-15.28QPCh-15 P-15.29QPCh-15 P-15.30QPCh-15 P-15.31QPCh-15 P-15.32QPCh-15 P-15.33QPCh-15 P-15.34QPCh-15 P-15.35QPCh-15 P-15.36QPCh-15 P-15.37QPCh-15 P-15.38QPCh-15 P-15.39QPCh-15 P-15.40QPCh-15 P-15.41QPCh-15 P-15.42QPCh-15 P-15.43QPCh-15 P-15.44QPCh-15 P-15.45QPCh-15 P-15.46QPCh-15 P-15.47QPCh-15 P-15.48QPCh-15 P-15.49QPCh-15 P-15.50QPCh-15 P-15.51QPCh-15 P-15.52QPCh-15 P-15.53QPCh-15 P-15.54QPCh-15 P-15.55QPCh-15 P-15.56QPCh-15 P-15.57QPCh-15 P-15.58QPCh-15 P-15.59QPCh-15 P-15.60QPCh-15 P-15.61QPCh-15 P-15.62QPCh-15 P-15.63QPCh-15 P-15.64QPCh-15 P-15.65QPCh-15 P-15.66QPCh-15 P-15.67QPCh-15 P-15.68QPCh-15 P-15.69QPCh-15 P-15.70QPCh-15 P-15.71QPCh-15 P-15.72QPCh-15 P-15.73QPCh-15 P-15.74QPCh-15 P-15.75QPCh-15 P-15.76QPCh-15 P-15.77QPCh-15 P-15.78QPCh-15 P-15.79QPCh-15 P-15.80QPCh-15 P-15.81QPCh-15 P-15.82QPCh-15 P-15.83QPCh-15 P-15.84QPCh-15 P-15.85QPCh-15 P-15.86QPCh-15 P-15.87QPCh-15 P-15.88QPCh-15 P-15.89QPCh-15 P-15.90QPCh-15 P-15.91QPCh-15 P-15.92QPCh-15 P-15.93QPCh-15 P-15.94QPCh-15 P-15.95QPCh-15 P-15.96QPCh-15 P-15.97QPCh-15 P-15.98QPCh-15 P-15.99QPCh-15 P-15.100QPCh-15 P-15.101QPCh-15 P-15.102QPCh-15 P-15.103QPCh-15 P-15.104QPCh-15 P-15.105QPCh-15 P-15.106QPCh-15 P-15.107QPCh-15 P-15.108QPCh-15 P-15.109QPCh-15 P-15.110QPCh-15 P-15.111QPCh-15 P-15.112QPCh-15 P-15.113QPCh-15 P-15.114QPCh-15 P-15.115QPCh-15 P-15.116QPCh-15 P-15.117QPCh-15 P-15.118QPCh-15 P-15.119QPCh-15 P-15.120QPCh-15 P-15.121QPCh-15 P-15.122QPCh-15 P-15.123QPCh-15 P-15.124QPCh-15 P-15.125QPCh-15 P-15.126QPCh-15 P-15.127QPCh-15 P-15.128QPCh-15 P-15.129QPCh-15 P-15.130QPCh-15 P-15.131QPCh-15 P-15.132QP

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