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Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243
Chapter 15, Problem 7ALQ
Textbook Problem
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Which is more likely to dissolve in an acidic solution, silver sulfide or silver chloride? Why?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The more soluble compound in an acidic solution among silver sulfide and silver chloride is to be identified. The reason is to be explained.

Concept introduction: The compound will be more soluble in acidic solution, if its anion will react with H+ ion.

Explanation of Solution

Explanation

To determine: The more soluble compound in an acidic solution from silver sulfide and silver chloride; the reason of the choice made.

Silver sulfide (Ag2S) is more likely to dissolve in an acidic solution. The dissociation reaction of silver sulfide is,

Ag2S(s)2Ag+(aq)+S2(aq)

In an acidic solution, the H+ ion combines with S2 to give HS ion. This ion is a weak acid that partially dissociates into aqueous solution. The formation of HS ion leads to decrease in concentration of S2 in the product side

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Chapter 15 Solutions

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach
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Ch. 15 - Which of the following will affect the total...Ch. 15 - Devise as many ways as you can to experimentally...Ch. 15 - You are browsing through the Handbook of...Ch. 15 - A friend tells you: The constant Ksp of a salt is...Ch. 15 - Explain the following phenomenon: You have a test...Ch. 15 - What happens to the Ksp value of a solid as the...Ch. 15 - Which is more likely to dissolve in an acidic...Ch. 15 - For which of the following is the Ksp value of the...Ch. 15 - Ag2S(s) has a larger molar solubility than CuS...Ch. 15 - Solubility is an equilibrium position, whereas Ksp...Ch. 15 - The salts in Table 15-1, with the possible...Ch. 15 - When Na3PO4(aq) is added to a solution containing...Ch. 15 - The common ion effect for ionic solids (salts) is...Ch. 15 - Sulfide precipitates are generally grouped as...Ch. 15 - List some ways one can increase the solubility of...Ch. 15 - The stepwise formation constants for a complex ion...Ch. 15 - Silver chloride dissolves readily in 2 M NH3 but...Ch. 15 - If a solution contains either Pb2+(aq) or Ag+(aq),...Ch. 15 - Write balanced equations for the dissolution...Ch. 15 - Write balanced equations for the dissolution...Ch. 15 - Use the following data to calculate the Ksp value...Ch. 15 - Use the following data to calculate the Ksp value...Ch. 15 - Approximately 0.14 g nickel(II) hydroxide,...Ch. 15 - The solubility of the ionic compound M2X3, having...Ch. 15 - The concentration of Pb2+ in a solution saturated...Ch. 15 - The concentration of Ag+ in a solution saturated...Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility of each of the following...Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility of each of the following...Ch. 15 - Cream of tartar, a common ingredient in cooking,...Ch. 15 - Barium sulfate is a contrast agent for X-ray scans...Ch. 15 - Calculate the molar solubility of Mg(OH)2, Ksp =...Ch. 15 - Calculate the molar solubility of Cd(OH)2, Ksp =...Ch. 15 - Calculate the molar solubility of Al(OH)3, Ksp = 2...Ch. 15 - Calculate the molar solubility of Co(OH)3, Ksp =...Ch. 15 - For each of the following pairs of solids,...Ch. 15 - For each of the following pairs of solids,...Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility (in moles per liter) of...Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility of Co(OH)2(s) (Ksp = 2.5 ...Ch. 15 - The Ksp for silver sulfate (Ag2SO4) is 1.2 105....Ch. 15 - The Ksp for lead iodide (PbI2) is 1.4 108....Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility of solid Ca3(PO4)2 (Ksp =...Ch. 15 - Calculate the solubility of solid Pb3(P04)2 (Ksp =...Ch. 15 - The solubility of Ce(IO3)3 in a 0.20-M KIO3...Ch. 15 - The solubility of Pb(IO3)(s) in a 0.10-M KIO3...Ch. 15 - Which of the substances in Exercises 27 and 28...Ch. 15 - For which salt in each of the following groups...Ch. 15 - What mass of ZnS (Ksp = 2.5 1022) will dissolve...Ch. 15 - The concentration of Mg2+ in seawater is 0.052 M....Ch. 15 - Will a precipitate form when 100.0 mL of 4.0 104...Ch. 15 - A solution contains 1.0 105 M Ag+ and 2.0 106 M...Ch. 15 - A solution is prepared by mixing 100.0 mL of 1.0 ...Ch. 15 - A solution contains 2.0 103 M Ce3+ and 1.0 102 M...Ch. 15 - Calculate the final concentrations of K+(aq),...Ch. 15 - A solution is prepared by mixing 75.0 mL of 0.020...Ch. 15 - A 50.0-mL sample of 0.00200 M AgNO3 is added to...Ch. 15 - A solution is prepared by mixing 50.0 mL of 0.10 M...Ch. 15 - A solution contains 1.0 105 M Na3PO4. 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Ksp...Ch. 15 - The copper(I) ion forms a chloride salt that has...Ch. 15 - A series of chemicals were added to some...Ch. 15 - The solubility of copper(II) hydroxide in water...Ch. 15 - A solution contains 0.018 mole each of I, Br, and...Ch. 15 - You have two salts, AgX and AgY, with very similar...Ch. 15 - Tooth enamel is composed of the mineral...Ch. 15 - The U.S. Public Health Service recommends the...Ch. 15 - What mass of Ca(NO3)2 must be added to 1.0 L of a...Ch. 15 - Calculate the mass of manganese hydroxide present...Ch. 15 - On a hot day, a 200.0-mL sample of a saturated...Ch. 15 - The active ingredient of Pepto-Bismol is the...Ch. 15 - Nanotechnology has become an important field, with...Ch. 15 - The equilibrium constant for the following...Ch. 15 - Calculate the concentration of Pb2+ in each of the...Ch. 15 - Will a precipitate of Cd(OH)2 form if 1.0 mL of...Ch. 15 - a. 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