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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Write the general reaction for an acid acting in water. What is the base in this case? The conjugate acid? The conjugate base?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The general reaction for an acid in water should be written along with identify the base, conjugate acid and conjugate base in the reaction.

Concept Introduction:

Water is an amphoteric in nature implies it can act as an acid as well as base.

Ionization of water is given as:

H2O(l)+H2O(l)H+(aq)+OH(aq)

Here, one water molecule is act as an acid by accepting proton and another molecule of water act as a base by donating proton.

Acids are those compounds which donates a proton to another compound whereas bases are those compounds which accept a proton from another substance.

The compounds which are differ by the existence of one proton that is H+ is said to be conjugate acid-base pairs. Every acid has its conjugate base; it is formed when the proton is donated whereas every base has its conjugate acid, it is formed when the proton is accepted.

Explanation

The general reaction for an acid in water is given as:

HA(aq)+H2O(l)H3O+(aq)+A-(aq)

HA represents an acid, which is dissociated in water to give proton ( H+ ) and A

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