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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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55. When 1 mole of gaseous hydrogen chloride is dissolved in enough water to make 1 L of solution, approximately how many HCI molecules remain in the solution? Explain.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

If the solution is formed by dissolving 1 mole of gaseous hydrochloride to make 1L of solution, the number of molecules of HCl remains in the solution should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

When a compound dissolves in water the interaction between the water molecules and the compound is significant. If the interaction is significant then the compounds would dissolve completely in water. After dissolving in water, the compound may undergo dissociation into component ions depending on the polarity of the compound.

Explanation

HCl is a covalent molecule. But it is a polar molecule because of the high negativity of the Cl atom with respect to H. Therefore the bonding electrons are pulled more towards the Cl atom distorting the molecular orbital.

In a general acid equilibrium shown by equation (2), an acid would donate a proton to water to form a conjugate base of the form A-.Then the conjugate base A- will have the ability to function as a base by abstracting an H+ from hydronium io0n to become HA (acid form).The extent to which this backward reaction occur depends on the strength of the acid. HCl since being a strong acid would not allow this backward reaction to occur...

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Ch-16 P-2ALQCh-16 P-3ALQCh-16 P-4ALQCh-16 P-5ALQCh-16 P-6ALQCh-16 P-7ALQCh-16 P-8ALQCh-16 P-9ALQCh-16 P-10ALQCh-16 P-11ALQCh-16 P-12ALQCh-16 P-13ALQCh-16 P-14ALQCh-16 P-15ALQCh-16 P-16ALQCh-16 P-17ALQCh-16 P-1QAPCh-16 P-2QAPCh-16 P-3QAPCh-16 P-4QAPCh-16 P-5QAPCh-16 P-6QAPCh-16 P-7QAPCh-16 P-8QAPCh-16 P-9QAPCh-16 P-10QAPCh-16 P-11QAPCh-16 P-12QAPCh-16 P-13QAPCh-16 P-14QAPCh-16 P-15QAPCh-16 P-16QAPCh-16 P-17QAPCh-16 P-18QAPCh-16 P-19QAPCh-16 P-20QAPCh-16 P-21QAPCh-16 P-22QAPCh-16 P-23QAPCh-16 P-24QAPCh-16 P-25QAPCh-16 P-26QAPCh-16 P-27QAPCh-16 P-28QAPCh-16 P-29QAPCh-16 P-30QAPCh-16 P-31QAPCh-16 P-32QAPCh-16 P-33QAPCh-16 P-34QAPCh-16 P-35QAPCh-16 P-36QAPCh-16 P-37QAPCh-16 P-38QAPCh-16 P-39QAPCh-16 P-40QAPCh-16 P-41QAPCh-16 P-42QAPCh-16 P-43QAPCh-16 P-44QAPCh-16 P-45QAPCh-16 P-46QAPCh-16 P-47QAPCh-16 P-48QAPCh-16 P-49QAPCh-16 P-50QAPCh-16 P-51QAPCh-16 P-52QAPCh-16 P-53QAPCh-16 P-54QAPCh-16 P-55QAPCh-16 P-56QAPCh-16 P-57QAPCh-16 P-58QAPCh-16 P-59QAPCh-16 P-60QAPCh-16 P-61QAPCh-16 P-62QAPCh-16 P-63QAPCh-16 P-64QAPCh-16 P-65APCh-16 P-66APCh-16 P-67APCh-16 P-68APCh-16 P-69APCh-16 P-70APCh-16 P-71APCh-16 P-72APCh-16 P-73APCh-16 P-74APCh-16 P-75APCh-16 P-76APCh-16 P-77APCh-16 P-78APCh-16 P-79APCh-16 P-80APCh-16 P-81APCh-16 P-82APCh-16 P-83APCh-16 P-84APCh-16 P-85APCh-16 P-86APCh-16 P-87APCh-16 P-88APCh-16 P-89APCh-16 P-90APCh-16 P-91APCh-16 P-92APCh-16 P-93APCh-16 P-94APCh-16 P-95APCh-16 P-96APCh-16 P-97APCh-16 P-98APCh-16 P-99APCh-16 P-100APCh-16 P-101APCh-16 P-102APCh-16 P-103APCh-16 P-104APCh-16 P-105APCh-16 P-106CPCh-16 P-107CPCh-16 P-108CP

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