BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Which of the following barium salts should dissolve in a strong acid such as HCl: Ba(OH)2, BaSO4, or BaCO3?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The barium salt out of Ba(OH)2 BaSO4 and BaCO3 will dissolve in a strong acid such as HCl has to be predicted.

Concept introduction: The solubility of insoluble salts containing anions (conjugate base of a weak acid) such as hydroxide, acetate, carbonate, phosphate and sulfide increases in the presence of strong acid than in pure water. Whereas the solubility of insoluble salts containing anions (conjugate base of a strong acid) such as chlorides decreases in the presence of strong acid than in the pure water.

Explanation

Ba(OH)2 dissociates as,

Ba(OH)2(s)Ba2+(aq)+2OH(aq) (1)

The hydroxide ion is a strong conjugate base of weak acid H2O and therefore reacts with hydrochloric acid. The reaction of OH with strong hydrochloric acid decreases the concentration of the hydroxide ions in the solution and as a result, the reaction equilibrium in equation (1) shifts to right-hand side increasing the solubility of Ba(OH)2 This is the reason Ba(OH)2 is soluble in HCl.

OH(aq)+HCl(aq)H2O(l)+Cl(aq)

BaCO3 dissociates as,

BaCO3(s)Ba2+(aq)+CO32(aq) (2)

Carbonate ion is a strong conjugate base of weak carbonic acid. It reacts with strong hydrochloric acid to form weak carbonic acid. This decreases the concentration of the carbonate ions in the solution and as a result, the reaction equilibrium in equation (2) shifts to right-hand side increasing the solubility of BaCO3. This is the reason BaCO3 is soluble in HCl

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 17 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add
Sect-17.4 P-17.11CYUSect-17.5 P-17.12CYUSect-17.5 P-17.13CYUSect-17.5 P-17.14CYUSect-17.6 P-17.15CYUSect-17.6 P-17.16CYUSect-17.6 P-1.1ACPSect-17.6 P-1.2ACPSect-17.6 P-1.3ACPSect-17.6 P-1.4ACPSect-17.6 P-1.5ACPSect-17.6 P-2.1ACPSect-17.6 P-2.2ACPCh-17 P-1PSCh-17 P-2PSCh-17 P-3PSCh-17 P-4PSCh-17 P-5PSCh-17 P-6PSCh-17 P-7PSCh-17 P-8PSCh-17 P-9PSCh-17 P-10PSCh-17 P-11PSCh-17 P-12PSCh-17 P-13PSCh-17 P-14PSCh-17 P-15PSCh-17 P-16PSCh-17 P-17PSCh-17 P-18PSCh-17 P-19PSCh-17 P-20PSCh-17 P-21PSCh-17 P-22PSCh-17 P-23PSCh-17 P-24PSCh-17 P-25PSCh-17 P-26PSCh-17 P-27PSCh-17 P-28PSCh-17 P-29PSCh-17 P-30PSCh-17 P-31PSCh-17 P-32PSCh-17 P-33PSCh-17 P-35PSCh-17 P-36PSCh-17 P-37PSCh-17 P-38PSCh-17 P-39PSCh-17 P-40PSCh-17 P-41PSCh-17 P-42PSCh-17 P-43PSCh-17 P-44PSCh-17 P-45PSCh-17 P-46PSCh-17 P-47PSCh-17 P-48PSCh-17 P-49PSCh-17 P-50PSCh-17 P-51PSCh-17 P-52PSCh-17 P-53PSCh-17 P-54PSCh-17 P-55PSCh-17 P-56PSCh-17 P-57PSCh-17 P-58PSCh-17 P-59PSCh-17 P-60PSCh-17 P-61PSCh-17 P-62PSCh-17 P-63PSCh-17 P-64PSCh-17 P-65PSCh-17 P-66PSCh-17 P-67PSCh-17 P-68PSCh-17 P-69PSCh-17 P-70PSCh-17 P-71PSCh-17 P-72PSCh-17 P-73PSCh-17 P-74PSCh-17 P-75PSCh-17 P-76PSCh-17 P-77GQCh-17 P-78GQCh-17 P-79GQCh-17 P-80GQCh-17 P-81GQCh-17 P-82GQCh-17 P-83GQCh-17 P-84GQCh-17 P-85GQCh-17 P-86GQCh-17 P-87GQCh-17 P-88GQCh-17 P-89GQCh-17 P-90GQCh-17 P-91GQCh-17 P-92GQCh-17 P-93GQCh-17 P-94GQCh-17 P-95GQCh-17 P-96GQCh-17 P-97GQCh-17 P-98GQCh-17 P-99GQCh-17 P-100GQCh-17 P-101ILCh-17 P-102ILCh-17 P-103ILCh-17 P-104ILCh-17 P-105ILCh-17 P-106ILCh-17 P-107ILCh-17 P-108ILCh-17 P-109ILCh-17 P-110ILCh-17 P-111ILCh-17 P-112ILCh-17 P-113SCQCh-17 P-114SCQCh-17 P-115SCQCh-17 P-116SCQCh-17 P-117SCQCh-17 P-118SCQCh-17 P-119SCQCh-17 P-120SCQ

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

According to the USDA Eating Patterns, which of the following vegetables should be limited? a. carrots b. avoca...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What are the four most common metric prefixes?

An Introduction to Physical Science

What determines the chemical reactivity of an atom?

Biology: The Dynamic Science (MindTap Course List)

How many grams of C2H6O contain the same number of oxygen atoms as 0.75mol of H2O.

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry

From Gauss's law, the electric field set up by a uniform line of charge is E=(20r)r where r is a unit vector po...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

True or false? Only seed plants produce pollen.

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (MindTap Course List)