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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

What is the hybridization of the central atom in each of the following molecules?

a. SF6

b. ClF3

c. GeCl4

d. XeF4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The hybridization of central in the given molecules is to be determined.

Concept introduction: The central atom with four bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3 hybridization. The central atom with five bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3d hybridization and the central atom with six bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3d2 hybridization.

To determine: The hybridization of sulfur in SF6 .

Explanation

The atomic number of S is 16 .

The electronic configuration of S is,

[Ne]3s23p4

The number of valence electrons of S is 6 .

The atomic number of F is 9 .

The electronic configuration of F is,

[He]2s22p5

The number of valence electrons of F is 7

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The hybridization of central in the given molecules is to be determined.

Concept introduction: The central atom with four bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3 hybridization. The central atom with five bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3d hybridization and the central atom with six bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3d2 hybridization.

To determine: The hybridization of chlorine in ClF3 .

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The hybridization of central in the given molecules is to be determined.

Concept introduction: The central atom with four bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3 hybridization. The central atom with five bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3d hybridization and the central atom with six bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3d2 hybridization.

To determine: The hybridization of germanium in GeCl4 .

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The hybridization of central in the given molecules is to be determined.

Concept introduction: The central atom with four bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3 hybridization. The central atom with five bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3d hybridization and the central atom with six bonding and nonbonding domain undergo sp3d2 hybridization.

To determine: The hybridization of xenon in XeF4 .

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