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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following is not a positional isomer with ethyl ethanoate?

  1. a. methyl methanoate
  2. b. methyl propanoate
  3. c. propyl methanoate
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The compound that is not positional isomer of ethyl ethanoate has to be identified from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Functional group isomerism is the one in which the functional group of two compounds are totally different but the molecular formula of the compounds remains the same.  Esters and carboxylic acids that have same number of carbon atoms and same degree of saturation can have functional group isomerism.  This is a type of constitutional isomerism.

Positional isomerism exist in esters when the alkyl group and acyl group carbon chain can be arranged in different ways.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Structure of ethyl ethanoate is,

Structure of methyl methanoate is,

The total number of carbon atoms present in ethyl ethanoate and methyl methanoate is four and two respectively.  As these two compounds have different number of carbon atoms, they both cannot be a positional isomer.  Hence, the correct option is option (a).

Reason for incorrect option:

Structure of ethyl ethanoate is,

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