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Lower-of-cost-or-market inventory Data on the physical inventory of Ashwood Products Company as of December 31 follow: Inventory Item Inventory Quantity Market Value per Unit (Net Realizable Value) B12 38 $ 57 E41 18 180 G19 33 126 L88 18 550 N94 400 7 P24 90 18 R66 8 250 T33 140 20 Z16 15 752 Quantity and cost data from the last purchases invoice of the year and the next-to-the-last purchases invoice are summarized as follows: Instructions Determine the inventory at cost as well as at the lower of cost or market, using the first-in, first-out method. Record the appropriate unit costs on the inventory sheet and complete the pricing of the inventory. When there are two different unit costs applicable to an item, proceed as follows: 1. Draw a line through the quantity and insert the quantity and unit cost of the last purchase. 2. On the following line, insert the quantity and unit cost of the next-to-the-last purchase. 3. Total the cost and market columns and insert the lower of the two totals in the Lower of C or M column. The first item on the inventtory sheet has been completed as an example.

BuyFind

Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337272094
BuyFind

Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337272094

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 7, Problem 7.6APR
Textbook Problem

Lower-of-cost-or-market inventory

Data on the physical inventory of Ashwood Products Company as of December 31 follow:

Inventory

Item

Inventory

Quantity

Market Value per Unit (Net Realizable Value)
B12 38 $ 57
E41 18 180
G19 33 126
L88 18 550
N94 400 7
P24 90 18
R66 8 250
T33 140 20
Z16 15 752

Quantity and cost data from the last purchases invoice of the year and the next-to-the-last purchases invoice are summarized as follows:

Chapter 7, Problem 7.6APR, Lower-of-cost-or-market inventory Data on the physical inventory of Ashwood Products Company as of , example  1

Instructions

Determine the inventory at cost as well as at the lower of cost or market, using the first-in, first-out method. Record the appropriate unit costs on the inventory sheet and complete the pricing of the inventory. When there are two different unit costs applicable to an item, proceed as follows:

  1. 1. Draw a line through the quantity and insert the quantity and unit cost of the last purchase.
  2. 2. On the following line, insert the quantity and unit cost of the next-to-the-last purchase.
  3. 3. Total the cost and market columns and insert the lower of the two totals in the Lower of C or M column. The first item on the inventtory sheet has been completed as an example.

Chapter 7, Problem 7.6APR, Lower-of-cost-or-market inventory Data on the physical inventory of Ashwood Products Company as of , example  2

Expert Solution
To determine

Lower-of-cost-or-market value:

The lower-of-cost-or-market value is a method which requires the reporting of the ending merchandise inventory in the financial statement of a company, at its current market value (net realizable value) or at its historical cost price, whichever is less.

To determine: value of inventory using first in first out method under lower-of-cost-or-market inventory.

Explanation of Solution

The above table shows the applying the lower-of-cost-or-market method to each inventory item (B12, E41, G19, L88, N94, P24, R66, T33 and Z16). As applied on an item-by-item basis, the total of lower-of-cost-or-market method is $39,873, which is a market decline of $1,225 ($41,098 – $39,873). This market decline of $1,225 is included in cost of merchandise sold...

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Chapter 7 Solutions

Accounting
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Ch. 7 - Cost flow methods The following three identical...Ch. 7 - Cost flow methods The following three identical...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using FIFO Beginning...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using FIFO Beginning...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using LIFO Beginning...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using LIFO Beginning...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using weighted average...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using weighted average...Ch. 7 - Periodic inventory using FIFO, LIFO, and weighted...Ch. 7 - Periodic inventory using FIFO, LIFO, and weighted...Ch. 7 - Lower-of-cost-or-market method On the basis of the...Ch. 7 - Lower-of-cost-or-market method On the basis of the...Ch. 7 - Effect of inventory errors During the taking of...Ch. 7 - Effect of inventory errors During the taking of...Ch. 7 - Inventory turnover and days sales in inventory...Ch. 7 - Inventory turnover and days sales in inventory...Ch. 7 - Control of inventories Triple Creek Hardware Store...Ch. 7 - Control of inventories Hardcase Luggage Shop is a...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using FIFO Beginning...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using LIFO Assume that the...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using LIFO Beginning...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using FIFO Assume that the...Ch. 7 - FIFO and LIFO costs under perpetual inventory...Ch. 7 - Weighted average cost flow method under perpetual...Ch. 7 - Weighted average cost flow method under perpetual...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using FIFO Assume that the...Ch. 7 - Perpetual inventory using LIFO Assume that the...Ch. 7 - Periodic inventory by three methods The units of...Ch. 7 - Periodic inventory by three methods; cost of...Ch. 7 - Comparing inventory methods Assume that a firm...Ch. 7 - Lower-of-cost-or-market inventory On the basis of...Ch. 7 - Merchandise inventory on the balance sheet Based...Ch. 7 - Effect of errors in physical inventory Missouri...Ch. 7 - Effect of errors in physical inventory Fonda...Ch. 7 - Error in inventory During 20Y5, the accountant...Ch. 7 - Inventory turnover The following data (in...Ch. 7 - Inventory turnover and days sales in inventory...Ch. 7 - Retail method A business using the retail method...Ch. 7 - Retail method A business using the retail method...Ch. 7 - Retail method A business using the retail method...Ch. 7 - Retail method On the basis of the following data,...Ch. 7 - Gross profit method The merchandise inventory was...Ch. 7 - Gross profit method Based on the following data,...Ch. 7 - Gross profit method Based on the following data,...Ch. 7 - FIFO perpetual inventory The beginning inventory...Ch. 7 - LIFO perpetual inventory The beginning inventory...Ch. 7 - Weighted average cost method with perpetual...Ch. 7 - Periodic inventory by three methods The beginning...Ch. 7 - Periodic inventory by three methods Dymac...Ch. 7 - Lower-of-cost-or-market inventory Data on the...Ch. 7 - Retail method; gross profit method Selected data...Ch. 7 - FIFO perpetual inventory The beginning inventory...Ch. 7 - LIFO perpetual inventory The beginning inventory...Ch. 7 - Weighted average cost method with perpetual...Ch. 7 - Periodic inventory by three methods The beginning...Ch. 7 - Periodic inventory by three methods Pappas...Ch. 7 - Lower-of-cost-or-market inventory Data on the...Ch. 7 - Retail method; gross profit method Selected data...Ch. 7 - Ethics in Action Sizemo Elektroniks sells...Ch. 7 - Ethics in Action Anstead Co. is experiencing a...Ch. 7 - Communication Golden Eagle Company began...Ch. 7 - LIFO and inventory flows The following is an...Ch. 7 - Comparing inventory ratios for two companies...Ch. 7 - Comparing inventory ratios for three companies The...

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