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A local college requires an English composition course for all freshmen. This year they are evaluating a new online version of the course. A random sample of n = 16 freshmen is selected and the students are placed in the online course. At the end of the semester, all freshmen take the same English composition exam. The average score for the sample is M = 76. For the general population of freshmen who look the traditional lecture class, the exam scores form a normal distribution with a mean of μ = 80. a. If the final exam scores for the population have a standard deviation of σ = 12, does the sample provide enough evidence to conclude that the new online course is significantly different from the traditional class? Assume a two-tailed test with α = .05. c. If the population standard deviation σ = 6, is the sample sufficient to demonstrate a significant difference? Again, assume a two-tailed test with α = .05. c. Comparing your answers for pans a and b, explain how the magnitude of the standard deviation influences the outcome of a hypothesis test.

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Essentials of Statistics for the B...

8th Edition
Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133956570
BuyFind

Essentials of Statistics for the B...

8th Edition
Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133956570

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Chapter
Section
Chapter 8, Problem 5P
Textbook Problem

A local college requires an English composition course for all freshmen. This year they are evaluating a new online version of the course. A random sample of n = 16 freshmen is selected and the students are placed in the online course. At the end of the semester, all freshmen take the same English composition exam. The average score for the sample is M = 76. For the general population of freshmen who look the traditional lecture class, the exam scores form a normal distribution with a mean of μ = 80.

a. If the final exam scores for the population have a standard deviation of σ = 12, does the sample provide enough evidence to conclude that the new online course is significantly different from the traditional class? Assume a two-tailed test with α = .05.

c. If the population standard deviation σ = 6, is the sample sufficient to demonstrate a significant difference? Again, assume a two-tailed test with α = .05.

c. Comparing your answers for pans a and b, explain how the magnitude of the standard deviation influences the outcome of a hypothesis test.

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Chapter 8 Solutions

Essentials of Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences
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Ch. 8.2 - If a sample mean is in the critical region with =...Ch. 8.3 - A researcher conducts a hypothesis test with =...Ch. 8.3 - In a research report, the term significant is used...Ch. 8.3 - In a research report, the results of hypothesis...Ch. 8.3 - If other factors are held constant, increasing the...Ch. 8.3 - If other factors are held constant, are you more...Ch. 8.4 - A researcher selects a sample from a population...Ch. 8.4 - If a sample is sufficient to reject the null...Ch. 8.4 - A researcher obtains z = 2.43 for a hypothesis...Ch. 8.5 - Explain how increasing the sample size influences...Ch. 8.5 - A researcher selects a sample from a population...Ch. 8.5 - A researcher selects a sample from a population...Ch. 8.6 - As the power of a test increase, what happens to...Ch. 8.6 - For a 5-point treatment effect, a researcher...Ch. 8.6 - How does sample size influence the power of a...Ch. 8.6 - A researcher administers a treatment to a sample...Ch. 8 - The value of the z-score in a hypothesis test is...Ch. 8 - Define the alpha level and the critical region,...Ch. 8 - Although there is a popular belief that herbal...Ch. 8 - Childhood participation in sports, cultural...Ch. 8 - A local college requires an English composition...Ch. 8 - A random simple is selected from a normal...Ch. 8 - A random sample of n = 25 scores is selected from...Ch. 8 - Brunt, Rhee, and Zhong (2008) surveyed 557...Ch. 8 - A random simple is selected from a normal...Ch. 8 - In a study examining the effect of alcohol on...Ch. 8 - The researchers cited in the previous problem...Ch. 8 - There is some evidence indicating that people with...Ch. 8 - Researchers at a National Weather Center in the...Ch. 8 - Montarello and Martens (2005) found that...Ch. 8 - Researchers hate noted a decline in cognitive...Ch. 8 - A researcher plans to conduct an experiment...Ch. 8 - A sample of n = 40 is selected from a normal...Ch. 8 - Briefly explain how increasing sample size...Ch. 8 - Explain how the power of a hypothesis test is...Ch. 8 - A researcher is investigating the effectiveness of...Ch. 8 - A researcher is evaluating the influence of a...Ch. 8 - Find each of the requested values for a population...Ch. 8 - A survey of high school seniors shows that the...Ch. 8 - Miller (2008) examined the energy drink...

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