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Which is the more correct statement: “The methane molecule (CH 4 ) is a tetrahedral molecule because it is sp 3 hybridized” or “The methane molecule (CH 4 ) is sp 3 hybridized because it is a tetrahedral molecule”? What, if anything, is the difference between these two statements?

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Chemistry

10th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305957404

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

10th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305957404
Chapter 9, Problem 6ALQ
Textbook Problem
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Which is the more correct statement: “The methane molecule (CH4) is a tetrahedral molecule because it is sp3 hybridized” or “The methane molecule (CH4) is sp3 hybridized because it is a tetrahedral molecule”? What, if anything, is the difference between these two statements?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The more correct statement from the given two statements is to be identified and the difference between the two statements is to be stated.

Concept introduction: The concept of mixing of atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals is known as hybridization.

To identify: The more correct statement from the given two statements and the difference between the two given statements.

Explanation of Solution

Explanation

The methane molecule (CH4) is has a tetrahedral molecule.

The bond angle in case of a tetrahedral molecule is 109.5° .

This bond angle is possible in a tetrahedral geometry. Therefore, the given methane molecule must be sp3 hybridized as it is given to have a tetrahedral shape. The methane molecule (CH4) is sp3 hybridized because it is a tetrahedral molecule. This given statement is correct.

The difference between the two statements has been rightfully stated

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