BuyFind

Chemistry for Engineering Students

3rd Edition
Lawrence S. Brown + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285199023
BuyFind

Chemistry for Engineering Students

3rd Edition
Lawrence S. Brown + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285199023

Solutions

Chapter 9, Problem 9.54PAE
Textbook Problem

Which of the following are state functions? (a) the volume of a balloon, (b) the time it takes to drive from your home to your college or university, (c) the temperature of the water in a coffee cup, (d) the potential energy of a ball held in your hand.

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Chapter 9 Solutions

Chemistry for Engineering Students
Ch. 9 - What differences (if any) would you expect to find...Ch. 9 - The total energy supply for the United States in...Ch. 9 - Using the value you calculate from part (a) in the...Ch. 9 - Distinguish between kinetic and potential energy.Ch. 9 - Define the term internal energy.Ch. 9 - How fast (in meters per second) must an iron ball...Ch. 9 - What is the kinetic energy of a single molecule of...Ch. 9 - 9.10 The kinetic energy of molecules is often used...Ch. 9 - 9.11 Analyze the units of the quantity...Ch. 9 - 9.12 How many kilojoules are equal to 3.27 L atm...Ch. 9 - 9.13 Define the term bydrocarbon.Ch. 9 - 9.14 What are the products of the complete...Ch. 9 - 9.15 Carry out the following conversions of energy...Ch. 9 - 9.16 According to Figure 9.2, the total energy...Ch. 9 - 9.17 If a machine does 4.8103kJ of work after an...Ch. 9 - 9.18 Calculate (a) q when a system does 54J of...Ch. 9 - 9.19 If the algebraic sign of E is negative, in...Ch. 9 - 9.20 State the first law of thermodynamics briefly...Ch. 9 - 9.21 Which type of energy heat or work, is valued...Ch. 9 - 9.12 PV-work occurs when volume changes and...Ch. 9 - 9.23 Which system does not work: (a) E=436J ,...Ch. 9 - 9.29 In which case is heat added to the system:...Ch. 9 - Figure 9.5 shows projections for improved...Ch. 9 - 9.26 Gas furnaces have achieved impressive...Ch. 9 - 9.27 When energy conservation programs are...Ch. 9 - 9.28 When an electrical appliance whose power...Ch. 9 - 9.29 Define the term calorimetric.Ch. 9 - 9.30 For the example of shallow water and sandy...Ch. 9 - 9.31 A metal radiator is made from 26.0 kg of...Ch. 9 - 9.32 The material typically used to heat metal...Ch. 9 - 9.33 Copper wires used to transport electrical...Ch. 9 - 9.34 A copper nail and an iron nail of the same...Ch. 9 - 9.35 A piece of titanium metal with a mass of 20.8...Ch. 9 - 9.36 Define the term calibration.Ch. 9 - 9.37 A calorimeter contained 75.0 g of water at...Ch. 9 - 9.38 The energy densities of various types of coal...Ch. 9 - 9.39 How much thermal energy is required to heat...Ch. 9 - 9.40 How does the specific heat of water explain...Ch. 9 - 9.41 Under what conditions does the enthalpy...Ch. 9 - 9.42 Why is enthalpy generally more useful than...Ch. 9 - 9.43 Define the terms exothermic and endothermic.Ch. 9 - 9.44 List at least two phase changes that are...Ch. 9 - 9.45 What happens to the temperature of a material...Ch. 9 - 9.46 The heat of fusion of pure silicon is 43.4...Ch. 9 - 9.47 If 14.8 kJ of heat is given off when 1.6 g of...Ch. 9 - 9.48 Calculate the energy required to convert 1.70...Ch. 9 - 9.49 Hvap=31.3 kJ/mol for acetone. If 1.40 kg of...Ch. 9 - 9.50 When a 13.0-g sample of NaOH(s) dissolves in...Ch. 9 - Define the term formation reaction.Ch. 9 - 9.52 Write the formation reaction for each of the...Ch. 9 - Explain why each of the following chemical...Ch. 9 - Which of the following are state functions? (a)...Ch. 9 - 9.53 Using these reactions, find the standard...Ch. 9 - 9.54 The phase change between graphite and diamond...Ch. 9 - 9.55 Hydrogen gas will react with either acetylene...Ch. 9 - 9.56 Using heats of formation tabulated in...Ch. 9 - 9.57 The heat of combustion of butane is —2877...Ch. 9 - When a chemical bond breaks, is energy absorbed or...Ch. 9 - When a reaction is exothermic, is the sum of bond...Ch. 9 - 9.58 For the reaction C2H2(g)+2H2(g)C2H6,H=136 kJ....Ch. 9 - 9.59 For the reaction N2(g)+O2(g)2NO(g),H=180.5kJ...Ch. 9 - 9.60 Nitroglycenne, C3H5(NO3)3( l ), is an...Ch. 9 - 9.61 Silane, SiH4, burns according to the...Ch. 9 - 9.62 Sulfur trioxide can be removed from the...Ch. 9 - 9.63 Reactions of hydrocarhons are often studied...Ch. 9 - 9.64 In principle, ozone could be consumed in a...Ch. 9 - 9.65 When 0.0157 g of a compound with a heat of...Ch. 9 - 9.66 Define the term energy density.Ch. 9 - 9.67 Why is energy density so important in the...Ch. 9 - 9.68 What are some features of petroleum that make...Ch. 9 - 9.69 How are the roles of transmission substations...Ch. 9 - 9.70 Residential electric service in the United...Ch. 9 - 9.71 In recent years, the notion of a “smart grid”...Ch. 9 - 9.72 Although it can be a nuisance when a laptop...Ch. 9 - 9.85 The figure below shows a "self-cooling"...Ch. 9 - 9.86 You make some iced tea by dropping 134 g of...Ch. 9 - A student performing a calorimetry experiment...Ch. 9 - The specific heat of gold is 0.13 J g-1K-1, and...Ch. 9 - 9.87 What will be the final temperature of a...Ch. 9 - 9.88 Chemical engineers often must include ways to...Ch. 9 - 9.89 A sample of gas is 80.0% CH4 and 20.0% C2H6...Ch. 9 - 9.90 Many engineering designs must incorporate...Ch. 9 - 9.91 You want to heat the air in your house with...Ch. 9 - 9.92 The curing of concrete liberates energy as...Ch. 9 - 9.93 An engineer is designing a product in which a...Ch. 9 - 9.94 Price spikes in gasoline in 2008 led to...Ch. 9 - 9.95 How much heat is required to convert 250 g of...Ch. 9 - 9.96 Most first aid "cold packs" are based on the...Ch. 9 - 9.97 Suppose that the working fluid inside an...Ch. 9 - 9.98 Hydrogen combines with oxygen in fuel cells...Ch. 9 - 9.99 The chemical reaction...Ch. 9 - 9.100 Two baking sheets are made of different...Ch. 9 - 9.101 Silicon nitride, Si3N4, has physical,...Ch. 9 - 9.102 A runner generates 418 kJ of energy per...Ch. 9 - 9.103 One reason why the energy density of a fuel...Ch. 9 - 9.104 An engineer is using sodium metal as a...Ch. 9 - 9.105 In passive solar heating, the goal is to...Ch. 9 - 9.106 A 1.0-kg sample of stainless steel is heated...Ch. 9 - At the beginning of 2011, the United States had...Ch. 9 - 9.108 For a car weighing 980 kg, how much work...Ch. 9 - 9.109 Suppose that the car in the previous problem...Ch. 9 - 9.110 Suppose that there is 2.43 mol of nitrogen...

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