Ion cyclotron resonance

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  • Gyrotrons Essay

    857 Words  | 4 Pages

    of watts at frequencies above 200 GHz. Gyrotrons look promising for plasma diagnostics and various pump-probe spectroscopy methods. For instance, gyrotrons are already successfully used for dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy (-- removed HTML --) (-- removed HTML --) 1–5 (-- removed HTML --) (-- removed HTML --) where significant sensitivity enhancement was observed with sub-terahertz irradiation power of 1–10 W. (-- removed HTML --) (-- removed

  • What Is The Implications Of Disruption Avoidance In Hmr?

    870 Words  | 4 Pages

    found stronger stabilizing effects from thermal particles at lower (precession) rotation. (-- removed HTML --) (-- removed HTML --) 15 (-- removed HTML --) (-- removed HTML --) Both HAGIS and MARS-K included energetic ions from neutral beam injection or ion cyclotron resonance heating in addition to alpha particles, emphasizing the importance of finite orbit

  • The Deposition Of Hybrid Coatings

    855 Words  | 4 Pages

    pressure to a carrier gas such as oxygen, argon or nitrogen. At such high frequencies, electrons due to their small masses, can accelerate toward the higher energy-levels, however, this is not the case for the heavier ions, therefore, the temperature of electrons increases, but for heavier ions it will remain low, and so this is a non-isothermal plasma. In the microwave plasmas, the electrons with their high energy levels are responsible for collision with the gas molecules to dissociate them and make them

  • Essay On Astrophysical

    959 Words  | 4 Pages

    propagating electrostatic mode investigated in hot magnetized uniform plasma and can propagate towards the core of the plasma without encountering density cut-off and interacts strongly with electrons in the vicinity of the Doppler shifted electron cyclotron resonance or its harmonics. This mode is equally important in the laboratory and the astrophysical plasmas because it is one of the major sources for transporting external energy and momentum to electrons across regions in a plasma which are difficult

  • What Makes A New Home For Earthlings?

    1175 Words  | 5 Pages

    It was a sunny day in Cape Canaveral, FL when James Finnigan, the mission engineer, smiled softly while gazing at the vast horizon of the Earth, probably for one last time. In his sunglasses, you could see their spacecraft towering over launch pad 39-A. It was the beautiful machine, with a Liquid Bi-Propellant engine and a glistening white fuselage. *insert definition statements here*[2] It was only a couple of minutes later that his gaze was interrupted by the click of the countdown clock at NASA

  • The Development of New Coating Materials

    1193 Words  | 5 Pages

    employed range from about 100 kHz to 40 MHz at gas pressures between 50 mtorr to 5 torr. Under these conditions, electron and positive-ion densities number between lo9 and 101*/cm3, and average electron energies range from 1 to 10 eV. This energetic discharge environment is sufficient to decompose gas molecules into a variety of component species, such as electrons, ions, atoms, and molecules in ground and excited states, free radicals, etc. The net effect of the interactions among these reactive molecular

  • Biological Molecules Like Nucleic Acids And Polysachharides

    2245 Words  | 9 Pages

    The function of proteins is described by the structure. The three-dimensional structure of protein can be studied by using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) or by X-ray crystallography. This structure of protein also helps to understand the role of amino acids. Their role can further be tested by doing mutation in many different genes. Each amino acid sequence code for different proteins

  • The Prediction Of Fullerene Structure

    1342 Words  | 6 Pages

    Fullerene was first recorded in a Japanese article, Kagaku, written by Eiji Osawa in 1970 which stated the prediction on the existence of C60 compound [1]. In the following year, a conjecture on the stability of C60 was established by Osawa and Yoshida where the aromatic characteristic of C60 was described further. The stability was further better-explained when the Hückel’s calculation method was applied and introduced to the icosahedron structure of C60 by Bochvar and Gal’pern [2]. The prediction

  • Plasma-the 4th State of Matter

    10365 Words  | 42 Pages

    This angular frequency is often known as the cyclotron frequency since charged particles circulate at this frequency in one type of accelerator named a cyclotron. If a charged particle moves in a uniform magnetic field, with its velocity at some arbitrary angle to B, its path is a helix. For example, if the field is in the x-direction as in the figure

  • Abstract Nuclear Medicine: Radiopharmacology

    12701 Words  | 51 Pages

    Física da Radiação, 1º semestre, IST, 2010/2011 1 Radiopharmacology Radiopharmacology Diogo Ferreira, MSc student in Biomedical Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, student no58548 Abstract Nuclear Medicine is the branch of medicine concerned with the use of radio-nuclides in the study and the diagnosis of diseases, eg. the assessment of organ function, detection and treatment of some diseases or monitoring of treatment’s effects. It provides physiological