Acute Renal Failure

656 Words Feb 21st, 2018 3 Pages
Each healthy kidney contains roughly one million nephrons (the functional unit of the kidney). Here, a capillary is joined with and sends blood into the nephron, which once filtered drains into the ureters, bladder, urethra, and out of the body. If this system falters either before, within, or after filtration, a potential demise may result as with Acute Renal Failure. Although the signs and symptoms may be obscure or indistinguishable, there are exams that are successfully used to diagnose, and subsequently treat the disease ("How Kidneys Work, 2014"). There are three categories of renal failure, organized according to wherein the journey of filtration the problem lies. Prerenal occurs with a problem preceding the kidneys, which themselves have fully functional filtering capabilities. Problems that cause hypovolemia, such as hemorrhaging, severe burns, or dehydration, may impede sufficient blood profusion and hence forward, lack of oxygenation to the kidneys. Prerenal is the most common form of acute renal failure and readily reversible if the underlying cause is found in time. If the problem becomes chronic, it will permanently decrease the size and capabilities of the kidneys. Intrinsic renal failure is the loss of function of the kidneys themselves. Ninety percent of intrinsic is due to drugs, poisons, infections, or ischemia (chronic…

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