On the Internet, introverted users can be more outgoing, confident, and sociable because the lack of non-verbal cues, control over personal information disclosed, and ability to process conversation in slower than real-time provides increased control over one’s self-presentation, making social interaction less overwhelming (Bargh & McKenna, 2004; Eysenck, 1954; Eysenck, 1967; Turkle, 2011; Zhao, Grasmuck, & Martin, 2008). Maldonado, Mora, Garcia, and Edipo (2001) found that introverts sent computer-mediated messages with an extroverted tone and these messages contained more information than those sent by extroverted individuals. The Internet offers introverts the opportunity to express their true self in a more controlled environment where …show more content…
Thus, they may prefer to communicate using Facebook because it allows them to compensate for their lack of interpersonal skills in real life (Moore & McElroy, 2012). Introverted individuals are also more likely to report using Facebook to keep up with friends (Moore & McElroy, 2012). However, technologies like Facebook may even prove to be a disadvantage for introverts because they rely on the types of offline relationships that an extravert is more likely to develop (Ross et al, 2009). Neuroticism Neuroticism can be defined as a measure of affect and emotional control, with low levels suggesting good control over emotions and stability, whereas individuals with high levels may be somewhat sensitive and nervous with a propensity to worry (Costa & McCrae, 1992). It can also be understood as the extent to which individuals display negative attributes such as distrustfulness, sadness, anxiety, embarrassment and difficulty in managing stress (Koseoglu, 2015). Early opinions suggested that those high in Neuroticism were likely to avoid the internet (Tuten & Bosnjak, …show more content…
2009). Since low self-esteem is related to negative emotional expressions in wall postings (Forest & Wood, 2012), it is likely that neurotic individuals will exhibit negative emotions through Facebook (Koseoglu, 2015). Openness to Experiences Openness to experience refers to the extent to which an individual is willing to explore new situations. Individuals who are open to experience generally prefer variety, novel experiences, and are intellectually curious whereas individuals who are low in openness are typically conservative, prefer uniformity and are intellectually disinterested (Glass et al, 2013). Since this trait entails creativity, intellectualism, and a tendency for exploring new ideas, it has been found to be correlated with users’ personality and social media use (Correa, Hinsley, & de Zuniga, 2010). Heavier users of social networking sites reported higherlevels of openness to experience (Ross et al., 2009). Individuals with such a trait seem to post more on others’ walls (Ross, Orr, Sisic, Arseneault, Simmering, & Orr, 2009) and do not avoid direct interactions with others in general (Carpenter, Green, & LaFlam,
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In her article Shyness: Evolutionary Tactic? author Susan Cain addresses many of the preconceived notions society has against introverted people. Cain argues that society tends to favor the outgoing and extroverted and shames those who prefer to be alone rather than socialize. The author utilizes certain writing strategies as a way to change her audience’s original views surrounding introversion. Cain’s use of comparing and contrasting, specific examples, and strong transitions that bridge various ideas to each other make her argument, that introverts are essential to society, much more persuasive.
“People can take their time when posting information about themselves, carefully selecting what aspects they would like to emphasize (Gonzales 80).” By controlling what information and self-attributes to share with the online world, an individual may present an idealized version of self that would not align with societal perceptions in the face-to-face interactions. Furthermore, Gonzales notes that recent research in computer-mediated communications suggests that online self-presentations can alter self-perceptions (80). As Orenstein says, “I tweet, therefore I am.” The online presentations of self can become the reality, or idealized reality, of the
These drawbacks include too many people being reliant to talking online rather than in person and not verbally communicating with friends even though they are in the same room. Jasmine Fowlkes shows the reality in how social media is affecting our new generation through her article, “Viewpoint: Why Social Media is Destroying our Social Skills.” After discussing the results conducted by several researchers, Fowlkes states,“As more generations are born into the social age, social media will continue to be the favored communication form among young people. However, this shift may begin to affect their ability to properly communicate in person with peers.” Many start to rely on applications on our devices to talk to people, but this results in less verbal communication. In addition, Kelly-Fay’s Talktrack research study showed that conversations held in person are much more impactful than on social media. Rather than making social media a huge part of your life, Fowlkes wishes that people would look up from their phones and engage more with others since that could change their lives.
Over the last 30 years, the methods of human interactions have grown explosively, from face-to-face conversations, to video calling, instant messaging, texting, Facebook, Youtube, Snapchat, and Instagram. As the technology we surround ourselves with pervades an increasing number of aspects in our lives, it has begun to affect our mental health. A Carnegie Mellon study concluding that internet usage leads to significant increases in loneliness and depression received U.S. national media coverage (Kraut, Patterson, et al., 1998). However, others argue that the internet may just provide a place of refuge for those suffering from loneliness, anxiety, and depression. (McKenna and Bargh, 59)
The research revealed the excessive use of technology affects the user's brain and behavioral traits. Zilberstein’s indicates there are differences in the manner in which personality types relate to social media. For example, extroverts thrive socially in social settings as well as online interactions while introverts demonstrate their typical reserved characteristics (Zilberstein's, 2013, p. 152). Additionally, the connections in the brain change over time as individuals expose themselves to an assortment of experiences while
The positives, mainly about a user becoming more outspoken and less shy both online and in real life, are noticeably fewer in count than their more troubling counterparts. The negatives, as expressed by Aboujaoude, mainly include how, with modern communication increasing tremendously through means of the Internet, people are creating online versions of themselves that are completely separate and different from their offline self. Aboujaoude asserts that the typical “e-personality” is irresponsible, selfish, and encourages us to chase unrealistic goals in pursuit of social media
The tendency to be emotionally reactive, anxious, susceptible to stress, hostile, and insecure would describe the traits of a person with neuroticism or neurotic tendencies, neuroticism is rated low on effectiveness according to the Factor Five Model. Goodall’s attempts to gain access to chimpanzee’s habit required hours of quiet reflection and meditation, she sat for weeks before the first chimp approached her. This kind of diligence and perseverance is not expected from a person with neurotic tendency. Nor do I see neurotic qualities in myself.
For example, Nitzburg and Farber (2013) conducted a study on the role of attachment in impacting adults’ outlooks about social media websites and their disclosures. They believed that individuals with anxious attachment styles may attempt to relieve their discomfort by having more of their social interactions online in which they believe
There is a transformation happening today that is completely changing the way that we do things. The ways that we are communicating are shifting from face to face interactions to short, interactive messages. Technology seems to be making it easier to stay connected, but it is restricting our interactions with others and leading to isolation.
Living in the 21st century requires one to stay current with latest technological advancements. Ever since the development of social networking sites, people are now able to create a carefully-crafted identity for themselves. This has led psychologists to question how well these online personalities match the person in front of the computer. The innovative branch of media psychology looks into how social networking portrays individuals and initiates human interactions within a society.
Some say people who use social networking sites are prone to social isolation. Despite opposition, I am convinced that social networking helps people who are shy and socially isolated to connect with other people. This concludes that social networking can help people who have low self esteem other than lowering their self-esteem any more.Although many argue that social networking can exacerbate feelings of disconnect and put children at higher risk for depression, low self-esteem and eating disorders,I believe otherwise. According to my research, I have found that more than 25% of teens report that social makes them feel less shy, 28% feel more outgoing, 20% report feeling more confident,in which 53% of teens were identified as being shy (5 Boroughs). This means that social networking brings out a better person in most, and makes them feel better about themselves other than feeling bad inside.
Personality is a large part of being human, as each person has a unique set of characteristics and traits. One person can be kind and patient and another can be rude and ill tempered. This variability is both what makes the study of personality fascinating and incredibly difficult. Although there are a myriad of different personality traits that can be used to describe a person, psychologists have narrowed it down to five overarching ideas. These are commonly referred to as the “Big Five” personality traits and they consist of, neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, openness, and conscientiousness. In particular, this study will focus on neuroticism, the trait that is characterized by high emotionality and instability, anxiety, and irritability (Soto, John, Gosling, & Potter 2011). Of the five, neuroticism is the only one with a negative connotation, which separates it from the others. Nonetheless, despite its poor reputation, neuroticism is an incredibly important trait to study as it is often linked with anxiety and depression (Soto et al., 2011). For example, one study found that participants who were clinically depressed and those who were not but scored highly on the neuroticism scale both had significantly greater negative self-perceptions (Thomson, 2016). Although currently there is only a correlation between these mental disorders and neuroticism, further experimentation could lead to more conclusive result. Recently, mental health has
According to many psychologists and other social experts, there exist two major social behaviors that are widely adopted globally by a person as they mature into young adulthood: extraversion or introversion. Extroverts are expressive individuals who appear to be energized and enjoy seeking activities that involve socialization with others where as a reserved individual (introvert) prefers solitary pursuits where he or she often partakes in a favorite pastime. In her novel Introvert Power: Why Your Inner Life is Your Hidden Strength, Laurie Helgoe statistically explores the fact that more than one half of the American populace claims to be reticent and encourages those folks to embrace their natural selves (“Book Details” 1). Introverts
As people use social networking sites more and more, psychological symptoms, such as social anxiety and depression, can begin to develop overtime. Feinstein’s research found that “depressed individuals also tend to engage in specific interpersonal behaviors, such as excessive reassurance seeking, that account for their greater likelihood of being rejected.” Other social anxiety symptoms that can be triggered from excessive amounts of social networking include becoming less assertive, avoiding conflict, and expressing less emotion. Results from Feinstein’s research also found that users directly felt a “depressed effect following interactions with romantic partners” and an “anxious effect following interactions with romantic partners” depending on how much time they spent on social media outside of their relationship. Not only can the amount of time we spend on social networking affect us now, but it can also cause and make an individual more vulnerable to possible psychological problems in the future (Nauert).