Advantages Of Niamh Taking A Survey Approach

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Q1.
(a) A null hypothesis suggests that there isn’t any effect on the case. The null hypothesis for this research would be that there is no difference in the psychological wellbeing of people who travel a long distance to work than the psychological wellbeing of someone who only travels a short distance to work.
(b) An alternative hypothesis suggests that there is an effect on the case. The alternative hypothesis for this research would be that there is a difference between the psychological wellbeing of people who travel a long distance to work than the psychological wellbeing of someone who only travels a short distance to work.
Q2.
An independent variable is the variable that will have an impact on the dependant variable. For this research
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(a) Three advantages for Niamh taking a survey approach (quantitative research) are:
1. You can learn about a large amount of research data from a large amount of people without spending much money.
2. The data needed can be collected quickly as the questions asked on a questionnaire would usually be quite straight forward or just ticking boxes
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(a) Demand characteristics are things outside of the experiment that may influence the participants behaviour. When people are being studied they may be a little bit nervous or have their guard up a bit and this could influence the study or lead it to be biased. Participants may also alter their behaviour to fit what their idea of the experiments purpose is.

(b) A demand characteristic that may have an effect on Niamhs research could be Social Desirability. Because the project being carried out is concerned with peoples’ psychological wellbeing this may lead people to lie in their answers. A person’s psychological wellbeing is a very personal thing and it is sometimes looked down on in society for someone to be unhappy or depressed. A lot of people might be embarrassed or ashamed to admit that they are unhappy so their answers may not accurately reflect their real feelings or

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