An Understanding Of A Concept Integrates Cognitive And Metacognitive Skills

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The process of developing an understanding of a concept utilises cognitive and metacognitive skills. Through the implementation of cognitive strategies, learners “construct knowledge” prior to using metacognitive strategies to guide, evaluate and regulate their learning. Learning is the acquisition of new information which heavily relies on one’s thinking and how they retain the acquired information. It has been said that successful learners have their "special ways of doing it". Therefore, teachers can be of more support to students’ academic wellbeing if they are able to understand how their students think. Consequently, they can enforce teaching strategies which enable their students to learn more efficiently. This paper will describe…show more content…
The lesson aims to teach Text Types (Recount Text) and equip students with a better understanding of factual text types, in particular, Recount Text. In regards to the lessons’ goals, students are required to engage in oral interactions and share a special event they have experienced. This activity aims to explain the social function of recounts after sharing their own experience; to identify the generic structure; recognise the language features; and ultimately compose their own recount through the use of Simple Past Tense. The lesson is 60-minutes long and follows previous lessons on narrative text under the topic of text types. The rationale for doing this (what are you doing?) is due to the assumption that students have mastered Simple Past Tense skills from the previous lesson as it is a major component in writing recounts. An appropriate starting point for sequencing instructions should identify its structure (lesson structure or instruction’s structure?) . According to Woodward (2001), lessons should consist of three main segments. Firstly, the beginning phase involves mentally preparing students for learning. Secondly, the central teaching and learning stage includes pointing out, presenting the core material, activating learning task and performing the task before providing constructive feedback. Lastly, the end phase consists of reviewing the lesson’s key points and administering quiz
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