odUS History Review Test 18 The Rise of Industrial America, 1865 - 1900 1. The World’s Columbian Exposition in 1892 was [A] a meeting held in the District of Columbia to expose industrial working conditions. [B] the Chicago World’s Fair. [C] a summit conference of North and South American governments held in Colombia to promote industrial development in the Americas. [D] the first international labor relations conference held at Columbia University in New York City. [E] the meeting held in Chicago by the leaders of the major industrial unions, to find a method of cooperating in the struggle against big corporations. 2. The Interstate Commerce Commission was established to [A] investigate and oversee railroad activities. [B] encourage…show more content… [B] a bookkeeper in the textile industry in his native Scotland. [C] a foreman in the meatpacking industry in Chicago. [D] a bartender at an Edinburgh pub. [E] a secretary for the Singer Sewing Machine Company. 11. What did Andrew Carnegie consider “the eighth wonder of the world”? [A] the United States Constitution [B] the manufacturing process of the steel business [C] the telegraph [D] the American railroad system [E] J.P. Morgan’s creation of United States Steel Corporation out of Carnegie Steel and Federal Steel 12. The United States Steel Company was [A] the steel company operated by the United States government when it nationalized the steel trust. [B] the first business capitalized at more than $1 billion. [C] Andrew Carnegie’s steel company. [D] created by J.P. Morgan to compete with Federal Steel. [E] the first company to issue stock to meet its huge capital needs.
13. One of the secrets of John D. Rockefeller’s success was that he [A] paid attention to the minutest details. [B] was able to drive most other steel manufacturers into bankruptcy. [C] did not waste a lot of money on advertising. [D] concentrated on the “big picture” and did not get bogged down in details. [E] pioneered a division of labor in which he concentrated on financial matters and delegated the technical operations of the industry to his managers. 14. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act [A] was passed because Congress feared that the trusts would stamp out