Arthritis Exercise

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What factors attribute to consistent, long-term exercise devotion in older Korean women with arthritis? What is the relationship between self-efficacy and aquatic exercise performance? Summary of Key Evidence: This cross-sectional, six-month study consisted of 72 Korean women with arthritis. The inclusion criteria were women 60 years of age or older, a prior diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis made by a physician, completion of a six-week aquatic educational exercise program, and residency in one of the Korean urban cities where the study was conducted. The required aquatic exercise program took place three times per week for six weeks in a standard swimming pool, which included therapeutic joint exercises and group …show more content…

There were no outstanding differences between the two groups in age, education, arthritis type, or duration of illness. The researchers reported that self-efficacy was considerably higher in the participatory group, which exercised regularly for the entire six-month period. Devotion to maintaining exercise was influenced more by the social aspects of group cohesion than interest in the actual task. Many of the women stated that they felt an increased motivation to continue exercising longer when they were a part of a group, as opposed to being alone. Hence, exercise self-efficacy was considerably higher in the participatory group, which regularly attended the aquatic therapy program for six months. Appraisal: There was no blinding in this study. Both groups, the participation group and the nonadherence group, were formed naturally by the subjects. Women who engaged in exercise infrequently were not included in this study due to inconsistent exercise performance, which would make it increasingly difficult to gather accurate data. There were several limitations in this study. There was below-average reliability amongst the group adherence measurements. Therefore, the data obtained should be examined carefully. Since this study was descriptive, the participants were not randomly assigned to specific groups. Lastly, since motivation was not measured before the study began, it is not known if the levels of exercise

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