Ethiopia is a country that creates image of starving. In 1980, many countries of east Africa had drought, and political unrest so people displaced from their shelter to camping, In addition when people moves to other place from their village or town, due to civil war, it is hard to produce crops or grain for food. Therefore those all causes refuges who lives in camps specifically in Ethiopia in 1980. During that time Ethiopia asked aid for the United Nations so the united nation were showing to the world about Ethiopian famine so that it could get assistance from the world. European countries and America assisted to Ethiopia to receive food, medicine, and other material. While Ethiopian economic is growing fast in the world by 10.3 per year
To compound the issues, in the last two years limited rain fall has caused the worst drought in over 60 years. The already overwrought food situation exponentially worsted as crops and livestock die due to water shortages. As a result the numbers of refugees have recently increased dramatically, with over 330,000 Somalis seeking refuge since January of 2011, (UNHCR, 2011).
Education is very important for everyone to have but many of the schools that were located within Somalia are gone, “In Central South Somalia more than three quarters of public schools that existed before the civil war have been destroyed and/or closed and state intervention in the education sector has been limited.” (Education in Somalia, n.d. para. 2). Meaning that many of the children who live in Somalia, are not getting a proper education. Even if they go to receive an education, they are not there for very long, “Children are in school for an average of only three years, with 50 percent of the child population contributing to the work force.” (Poverty in Somalia, n.d. para. 9). Because these people live in such poverty, these children choose to work to earn some money instead of receiving an education. Many people in the country are illiterate, “Only 37.8 percent of the population over the age of 15 can read and write.” (Poverty in Somalia, n.d. para. 8). Because of these facts, many of the Somalian people cannot get better jobs. This also makes it extremely difficult for the Somalian people to go to different countries in search for a better life. These are the reasons why the education of the Somalian people have a major effect on the high poverty levels in the
Have you ever skipped a meal and realized how hungry you were? Now imagine skipping all your meals, imagine not having the option to get food and worst of all, imagine watching a loved family member die of hunger. This is what hundreds of thousands of Somalians went through during the famine. Half of the killed were children under the age of five, this being said this was one of the worst famines in the last 28 years. Tens of thousands of Somalians fled their homes in search of food. The main part of the famine took place in 2011 when an extreme drought affected more than thirteen million people across the horn of Africa. In result of this drought, prices for food skyrocketed; parents watched helplessly as their family members died one by one. Political instability made the chances of the famine getting better as quick as
There are several risk factors that impact children’s health in Ethiopia. For example, vitamin A deficiency stunts children’s growth. Mothers are unable to properly breastfeed so the child doesn’t fully develop as they should. Immune systems weaken in children as well, causing them to die from diseases that are easily treatable. Since the HIV/aids rate is so high in women, children also are transmitted the disease and end up dying. Another factor is that children don’t receive proper care from their families or health services. It is also estimated that over 150,000 children live on the streets in Ethiopian cities (Humanium • We make children's rights happen, 2017). That results in improper hygiene and lack of sanitation. As mentioned already,
Malnutrition continues to be a major health burden throughout the developing world, especially in southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Each form of malnutrition depends on what nutrients are missing in the diet, for how long and at what age. The most basic kind results from a deficiency in all major macronutrients, such as fats, proteins and carbohydrates, called protein-energy malnutrition. Other forms of malnutrition are less obvious, but not necessarily less deadly. They are usually the result of a diet lacking in micronutrients, such as electrolytes, minerals and vitamins. Deficiencies of iron, vitamin A and zinc are ranked among the World Health Organization's top 10 leading causes of death through disease in developing countries. (WFP,
The country cannot give good quality education in the poor areas and the parents cannot sent their children into school. Ethiopia has one of the highest illiteracy rate, about 53% of the whole population cannot write or read. As the most of the people are uneducated the rate of unemployment is very high. Unfortunately the Ethiopian government doesn`t have enough money to improve the education in the poor parts of the country. The increasing rate of illiteracy increases the rate of poverty as
The scorching heat from the sun has made it’s grand appearance, with no desire to leave anytime soon. California is in its fourth consecutive year of drought, this year being the worst. California’s nearly $30 billion agricultural export industry has hit rock bottom. This is a huge issue considering California produces two-thirds of the United States’ produce. The people of the United States feel unstable because of the lack of produce in the near future. On the other hand, in 2011, Eastern Africa experienced a drought which resulted in an average of 10,000 deaths per day. The reason so many deaths occurred was because of the lack of water needed to grow food, resulting in less food for the native men, women and children. Does this drought in Africa really make such an extreme impact as to that of California’s? The difference of sustainability in first world countries as to third world countries is astonishing. Countries with fewer resources lack the sustainability, whereas countries with plenty of resources, do not. These two similar situations differ because of the need to solve the problem at hand: drought.
All throughout Ethiopia’s history there has never been a famine so disastrous as the one that occurred 1984. Throughout the period of drought and misery a total of eight million people were at risk of starvation. Not only that but in october 1984 the death toll was at two hundred thousand and an estimated of two thousand people would die each day. As each month changed so did the death toll. Though the relationship was the more time that passed the more people were at risk. (Nwaozuzu). Reporters who visited to help said that “People looked more like skeletons than human beings” (Fradin 55). There was also recorded to be a 5 year old that only weighed 27 pounds, less than a small dog (Thurow). Altogether, almost all the population of Ethiopia was effected by the Famine.
Recurring floods and droughts affect agricultural productivity and food security in Niger while eighty percent of the population depends on agriculture. According to the 2014 nutrition survey using SMART (Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions nutrition) the global acute malnutrition rate has reached 14.8%, close to the emergency threshold of 15% set by the WHO. This rate is higher than in the previous survey conducted in 2013 (13.3%). the situation is further aggravated by flows of refugees and returning migrants due to the situation in Libya, the armed groups such as Boko Haram in Nigeria, and Mujao from Mali which threatening the country 's economic growth. [UNICEF (2015).Aperçu des besoins humanitaires Niger][Plan de reponse 2015]. Nevertheless, through the 3 Initiative “Nigeriens Nourishing Nigeriens”, the government has made a commitment to tackle malnutrition and address food insecurity and agricultural sustainability issues. [ Niger: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper]p139-281
Ethiopia was ravaged by drought that caused a famine that killed thousands of citizens in the African nation. Many nations and organizations stepped in to help but ran into many roadblocks in trying to do so. Due to severe mismanagement of relief funds and food by the government, those who needed help were not getting it.
It is amazing what others can do to help those in need. When considering the lack of education and high poverty rates in Ethiopia, knowing the low percentages of these rates, my ethical belief, a good solution, and the several advantages of the solution will help us improve the Ethiopian’s lives.
From there the people, land, and globally worldwide view of what can be done to stop the negative results of the drought:With so little resources East Africa uses what they have chicken blood is used as a treatment to a malnourished person (Stewart, 2011). Immunizations
Famine was declared in South Sudan in early 2017, although this classification has been removed, the threat of famine is still extremely high (Oxfam, 2017). What can be done to help the residents of South Sudan and ensure food security for generations to come? Explores Jorja Scarffe
Ethiopia is a country located in east central Africa. Its area is approximately 1.1 million square kilometres, with a population of around 102 million (2016). Ethiopia's capitol, Addis Baba is located at 8.9806° N, 38.7578° E. Addis Baba is situated in central Ethiopia, it is approximately 2464 kilometres south south East of Cairo the capitol of Egypt. The country is bordered by 6 other countries;