Asthma Prevalence And Incidence Rates Essay

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INTRODUCTION Asthma is a chronic medical condition affecting a significant portion of the United States population. Inflammation is present in the bronchus and bronchioles, whose primary goal is to delivery oxygen to the lungs. Due to this inflammation, a cough, wheeze, and shortness of breath develop as the lungs struggle to maintain proper oxygen levels. Symptoms of asthma can come and go making asthma diagnosis difficult, therefore; it is important to be aware of triggers that may cause symptoms for individuals.2 A thorough preliminary study was conducted using informational data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and the Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS) from 2006 to 2008.3 It was noted that asthma prevalence continued to increase in the United States population dating back to the 1980s; however, data relating to asthma incidence was typically omitted due to deficiency of the data collected.3 The purpose of their study was to discover current asthma prevalence and incidence rates, as well as determine if the known demographic patterns of asthma prevalence coincided with the patterns of asthma incidence.3 The BRFSS was a random-digit-dialed telephone survey reaching out to one member in each household located in the 50 US states (as well as neighboring districts) allowing an adult to also act as a proxy for any one child in each household.3 Researchers were able to determine asthma prevalence by conducting two interview questions of "Have you ever

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