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Auschwitz II-Birkenau, And Auschwitz III-Monowitz

Decent Essays
After the control of Poland by the Third Reich, Oswiecim, a city in Poland, had its named changed to Auschwitz by the Germans and became the name of the camp. Auschwitz had served as a concentration camp through its lifespan and eventually became the biggest concentration camp at the time. Only Polish people were sent there at first which were mostly people with high power including scientific, civic, political figures, etc. After a while people other than the Polish were sent to the camp. -Jews and others who were fit for labor were sent to the camp. 400,000 people were registered and placed in the camp and the sub-camps of Auschwitz. Over time Auschwitz was expanded into three parts. Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II-Birkenau, and Auschwitz III-Monowitz…show more content…
In September of 1941 the first extermination happened. and Auschwitz II became a major site of Nazi’s “Final Solution”. From the beginning of 1942 until late 1944, transport trains transported Jewish people from across Europe, where they were killed with the Zyklon B. Around 1.3 million people were sent to the camp, of which at least 1 million died. Approximately 1 in 6 Jews killed in in the Holocaust died at the camp. Many of the people who were not killed in the gas chambers had died of starvation, forced labor, diseases, executions, and medical experiments. Under command of United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower more than 100,000 soldiers took part in the largest amphibious invasion in history. On June 6, 1944, which is also known as D-Day western Allies stormed the beaches of Normandy, France. By the end of the month, over 800,000 American, British, and Canadian soldiers had arrived to join what General Eisenhower called the “Great Crusade”. On June 22, 1944, Soviet forces went on the offense and destroyed German forces defending the center of the eastern front in western Belorussia, pushing to
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