Babies eating, sleeping, motor developmental, and health development patterns rely heavily on the biological process. Children’s survival is completely dependent on his or her parents (Santrock, 2016, p.11). According to the oral stage in Freud’s Psychosexual stages, infancy is related to pleasure centers on the mouth (Santrock, 2016, p. 18). One of the most important developmental steps infants take is learning to suck on their mother’s breast for food and as their teeth grow in, learning how to eat. Jean Piaget’s theory having to do with the sensorimotor stage involves infants motor developmental and cognitive developmental growth (Santrock, 2016, p.20).
Rose’s developmental pattern when it comes to eating, fall a little behind the …show more content…
At eight months, I begin to include one new food from our dinner to Rose’s diet to see if it would help her indigestion. At twelve months Roses problems with indigestion begins to lessen as her body learns to tolerate baby food and other plain foods.
Rose’s sleeping patterns where typical of children her age. She slept a lot her first couple of weeks, getting around 16-17 hours of sleep a day which is the normal amount for infants (Santrock, 2016, p.104). At three months, Rose sleeps about 6 hours a night and takes plenty of naps during the day. However, when Rose did begin to cry at night I would let her cry herself to sleep to prevent the habit of crying at night. I also try to keep her on a routine when it comes to napping. Roses sleeping routine has caused her to grow into good sleeping habits at 8 months. These good sleeping habits will help Rose in the long run because they are linked to growth in learning and alertness during childhood (Santrock, 2016, p. 105). It is important to make sure all of Roses needs are met before going to bed such as a full stomach and a clean diaper. Although during the day time it might seem that Rose is a high activity child, during the night time she shows qualities of less active child. Even at eighteen months Rose would occasionally complain when she was tired, but I felt it was important to stick to a routine and avoid overstimulation.
One of the first signs of motor development in Rose was how she
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The infants physical development starts with the head and then moves to other parts of the body. From the very beginning babies are very curious and are ready to start exploring. Infants necks are unable to support the weight of the head when the baby is sat up straight. They are able to turn their heads left to right when laying down. Infants are able to close their fist.
169). When Nameste was a newborn she would only sleep for 2 hours at a time (Manis, 2014). At 3 months old she did not sleep as much as other 3-month-olds and was not on a regulated sleep-awake pattern (Manis, 2014). “Only at the end of the first year, as REM sleep (the state that usually prompts waking) declines, do infants move in the direction of an adult like sleep-wake schedule” (Berk and Meyer, pp. 170-171, 2016) By 8 months she has started to fall into a sleeping routine, sleeping through the night (Manis, 2014). When she was 18 months old she would one take one small nap a day (Manis, 2014). Her sleeping pattern started off a little rocky but eventually, she synced up with the average child’s sleeping pattern (Manis,
In the mid 1900s, Harry Harlow took investigated a new field of research and began studying the components between infant-mother love, especially the importance of contact comfort. Harlow was interested in manipulating the mother figure of infants to identify the root of bonds and love; but since this could easily become unethical to study with humans, he used rhesus monkeys. Based on Freud’s hypothesis, one would think that the importance of receiving milk would be the primary root of a bond between the infant and the mother, but Harlow found that contact comfort was incredibly important, even more so than receiving food (Hock, 2013).
According to Babywise, human infants have innately bad tendencies at birth. The co-author of baby wise, Dr. Robert Buckham, says that the main purpose of parent-controlled feeding is conducted to create a sense of order in a newborn’s brain. He also says that newborns that are fed in a timely manner gradually get used to immediate gratification. By doing this, the newborns fall into the risk of becoming more and more demanding as they get older. In the article, Bob LaMendola writes about how newborns must learn that the world does not revolve around them and that their parents are in control. Baby wise exposes newborns to parent-controlled feeding to show them that the world does not revolve around them.
Just as parents have different opinions regarding night feeding for their babies, child experts also have various recommendations. Mothers usually wonder when their babies can sleep through the night without eating and pediatricians seem to disagree when it comes to giving an expert answer to this question. Some authors like Ferber believe babies do not need to be fed at night after they are three months old while others, such as Weissbluth, recommend allowing babies to feed at night up to the age of nine months.
what is healthy normal infant development? From helpless new borns to active todler in under 24mounths, babbies go through exponetial changes in their development reaching certain stages before progressing to the next stage of development. In this assemnt physical, cognitive an phychosoial development will be discussed and the factors wich impact development of a One to Three Months.
The development and constant change of infants is mind-blowing and incredible. Each infant develops at approximately the same, quick pace, but each small life in the grand scheme of infant development could vary greatly (Santrock, 2016). There are many different factors that must be considered in the first years of life that are extremely crucial for development and change. In order to better understand infant development, it is important to consider how each of these factors will affect the baby; three examples of these factors are sleep patterns, eating habits, and motor development, all which impact the general health of the infant overall.
When a woman first becomes a mother, her initial response to the toddler is to keep it healthy. Usually this includes keeping the baby’s environment clean and preventing the toddler from tackling any dirt. As an older sister, I remember watching my mother clean the house, and telling my brother to keep things, other than food, out of his mouth. She too, believed that keeping my baby brother in a clean environment would lead to his healthy future. However, does keeping your baby squeaky clean really correlate to keeping a baby healthy? In some cases, yes, but in actuality exposing your baby to microbes and germs keeps your child healthier in the future by introducing them to the newborn’s immune system as well
The online article poses an inquisition on whether babies should be left to “cry it out” at bedtime. Using data provided by a study conducted in Australia, this American news/talk show tells the viewers that the infant is better off if the parent ignores the crying to the point of exhaustion, something the article called "graduated extinction". The different techniques proposed in the article show all the different methods that a parent can use to get their child asleep and stay to stay that way longer. Many new parents would deem this information invaluable, considering that most newborns are up crying every couple of hours during the night. New parents and infants need sleep to function, and for the infants, major developments occur during the sleep cycles. Any parental training interventions are encouraged, as long as the adjustments have a proven basis for the change.
The topic of touch is approached with many different perspectives. Phillip’s psychoanalytic point of view is that tickling is a common interaction between a child and their parent and that it is an acceptable sensual experience for them. Howes and Classen discuss how tactile relationships between children and their parents went from being acceptable to rare and then back to being a norm. In the scientific perspective, Montagu argues that the touch of a mother early on in a child’s life has a major impact on their adult sex lives. The psychoanalytic, historical and scientific perspectives have similarities and differences when it comes to touch.
Throughout the course of a year, the viral disease that is responsible for making mammals go crazy kills thousands. The disease commonly goes by the name of “rabies” which is a neurological disease that prioritizes its attacks on the brain. Once in control, the disease creates various symptoms that lead to death. Rabies can be transmitted throughout mammals and humans through exposure to the diseased bacteria. This includes any wound that exposes the bloodstream which results in direct contact with the bacteria. The main cause of the deaths are due to the lack of treatment. Now, vaccines are given to prevent infection but, failure to obtain this vaccine places the mammal at a greater risk of death. Rabies is a neurological viral disease that
Observation of an infant in the family setting 'provides the observer with an opportunity to encounter primitive emotional states in the infant and his family...' (Rustin in Miller, 1989, 7). According to Rustin infant observation allows to 'explore the emotional events between infant and mother' and 'the aim is to describe the development of the relationship between infant and others (...) and try to understand the unconscious aspects of behaviour and patterns of communication' (Rustin in Miller, 1989, 7). Early infant observation plays a vital role in the psychodynamic training and it gives a thesis of how early emotional development is being influenced by subconscious family dynamics.
NNS is the repetitive mouthing by an infant on a blind nipple or a pacifier (Hill, 2005). It is thought that NNS enhances feeding performance and successful achievement of exclusive oral feedings in preterm infants (Kish, 2015). Asadollahpour, Yadegari, Soleimani, Khalesi (2015), Kish (2015), Hill (2015), Younesian et al. (2015), and Bache et al. (2014) implemented experimental groups and control groups to conduct trials to determine if NNS was an effective protocol to use in the NICU. A number of inclusion-exclusion criteria were determined for these trials such as, a premature newborn that was anywhere between 26 to 35 weeks and that was appropriate weight and length for their gestational age (GA). The infants could also have no congenital abnormalities or medical disorders known to affect feeding ability such as third or fourth degree hemorrhage, necrotizing enterocolitis, or asphyxia, the infants also had to be fed by a tube and not have any oxygen supplementation.
This study was designed to determine the association between feeding behaviour and infants’ nutritional status. Although HAZ, WHZ and WAZ are all indicators of nutritional status and were assessed in this study, more emphasis will be given to WAZ as it is the generally used indicator in the municipal. It also incorporates elements of WHZ and HAZ. A high prevalence of underweight (15%) was seen in this study. This is almost thrice the prevalence in the municipal (6%) (Ho Municipal Health Service, 2016) and also higher than the national prevalence (11%). The variance here could be due to the differences in selection of participants. The municipal uses monthly sentinel data which is a random selection of 10 sentinel sites and collates the results over the year. This study however employed convenience sampling hence it is possible that only mothers who were concerned about the poor nutritional state of their children attended the clinic. Another possible explanation is that there is overestimation of infants weight from the monthly sentinel data. The mean WAZ was -0.88±1.357 which indicates that the population is more at risk of malnutrition than a normal population with an expected mean WAZ of 0.0.