Learned Helplessness (Utopia Shopping Center. Episode IV) Dmitry Kavko. 2017 Introduction In 1975 an American psychologist Martin Seligman conducted a series of experiments with dogs and found that under certain conditions, dogs lost the power to resist, they ceased trying to change their unenviable situation, threw up their paws and fell into deep depression. He named the condition “learned helplessness”. Epigraph 1 I see how imperturbable my dog is in coping with hardships of life. It gives me the strength to live on and approach difficulties with optimism. Note Utopia Shopping Centre is an imaginary bedroom suburb of Moscow, scaled down to just one long self-contained house integrated with a shopping centre. In the house people …show more content…
Helpless art, or the art of the helpless is a new trend in modern culture. It reached the height of its development in the late 2010s, mainly in the bedroom suburbs around Moscow. Helpless art: 1. Calls itself art only out of helplessness. 2. Creates art from what can be purchased in the nearest shopping centre, or be found in the nearest landfill. 3. Is not critical towards the art world (institutions, markets, history of art, dead, alive and yet unborn artists). 4. Refuses to adhere to any school, movement, or style. 5. Is not interested either in form or content. 6. Does not create concepts, is incapable of being preoccupied with a theory of itself. 7. Does not distinguish painting from performance, sculpture from text, social protest from a psychotherapy session. 8. Its production can stop at any moment or can continue in perpetuity. 9. Does not seek completeness either in terms of the form or meaning. 10. Finds meaning only in the artist’s internal urge to produce art and desire to do this endlessly. 11. Sees its purpose in the uncertain assertion, adulation and dissemination of itself. 12. Cannot be understood by the …show more content…
Its walls were once painted in white and blue. Yellow light is coming from some of its windows. In the center of the courtyard, somebody has placed a children’s playground with a faded orange plastic slide, a red brick transformer booth, and several dirty-green garbage containers. Between the house walls and the yard, cars are densely parked. In front of each entrance, there is a shabby blue wooden bench and a purple-bluish concrete litter bins. Each entrance has a blind rusty metal door. Everything in the yard and the house itself is covered by a thin layer of dust and dirt. At the shopping center nearby you can buy potatoes, beer, vodka, a blouse, a bra, a glue, slippers, a towel, a garden figurine, a wiping cloth, a flat-head screwdriver, a cross-head screwdriver, cigarettes, boots, an umbrella, a bathroom curtain, a puzzle, buckwheat, and so on. It’s a late night or an early morning now. A dog is barking. It's
D. Thesis: In my experience, art students are a group of diverse people and opinions, but there are many traditions and objects, such as their sketchbooks, that link them together to create an interesting culture.
The mouldy, rotting, brown house stood in front of Emily, only fear keeping her feet planted to the ground. Moaning and creaking noises being projected from the house. The grass was damp from the evening fog and every time she took a step the mud squelched. The bottom step squeaked as she applied pressure with her foot, she let out a sigh of relief as the old structure hadn’t swallowed her up. The door, slightly off colour from the rest of the house, loomed over her like a giant as he reached for the brass door handle. A shiver ran through her body like an electric current, the musty smell of a house that had been long abandoned filled Emily’s nose. It was dim and uninviting. The furniture dusty and old, looking as if it would crumble to dust if she was to touch it. Mould ate away at
Seligman worked with dogs and small electric shocks to prove that helplessness can be learned and is not necessarily a “born with” trait. The dogs would try to escape from the pain of the shock, however nothing they did would stop it. Therefore, they learned to stop trying; they essentially gave up and became helpless. The same experiment was done with a different set of dogs, only this time the dogs could escape the shock. Dogs who were not exposed to the first experiment quickly learned that they could turn
The roof looked battered and dilapidated. The roof was pointy, like the point on a witch’s hat. The roof sloped at odd angles. So much so that you would look at it and wonder, what would happen if you skied off the roof in the winter? The house had droopy, wooden shutters on the windows that were hung crookedly on purpose. The house was a yellow beige color with odd leadlight
Our house on Orangeburg was not what we expected we all figured it would be like the one near Sherwood with a warm cheerful comforting fireplace and open armed trees gathered around in the front.The house on Orangeburg was crumbled like old ugly bread.Time had managed to make this house look irreversible the house was little more than a glorified shed.At least we don’t
In Learning to Be Depressed, Martin Seligman and Steve Maier explored learned helplessness. If a persons' efforts at controlling their life events failed repeatedly, would they stop trying to exert control altogether? This was the point of focus for their experiment. Seligman and Maier conducted their experiment on dogs, where they could study the causes and effects of learned helplessness. There were 3 groups of dogs: the escape group, the np-escape group, and the no-harness control group.
Learned helplessness can be observed in both humans and animals, when they have be treated to expect a certain outcome, usually suffering without a way to avoid it. Eventually you’ll stop trying to avoid the pain, even if there is an opportunity to escape it. In “Learned Helplessness: Seligman’s Theory of Depression(+ Cure)” it says, you’re not born with this it’s a learned behavior, experiences that condition you to have no control or believe you have no control over circumstances. This experiment was formed in the late 1960s and early 1970s by psychologists Martin Seligman and Steven Maier. They tested with dogs and their response to electrical shocks. They realized some dogs didn’t attempt to jump over the low barrier. Those who didn’t
Critical Thinking Questions 1. Compare and contrast the statues of humans found in ancient Egypt and ancient Greece. b. In ancient Greece, humans were depicted in three different forms. The poses were different as were the postures.
Learned helplessness occurs when a person is repeatedly exposed to an aversive stimuli and feels that no matter how much they try to escape; they are not successful. Therefore, they tend to cave in since a sense of being helpless has been developed to escape the situation. Early studies on the idea of learned helplessness occurred accidently since psychologists were initially studying avoidance learning in dogs. These dogs were subject to a few foot shocks and at first would attempt to escape the shock however, these dogs later on stop attempting to escape and would submissively accept the foot shocks. Then these psychologists tried numerous situations to examine this sensation by placing the dogs in different cages where it would be easier
Martin Seligmann used dogs for his research experiment. When he studied the effects of inescapable shocks on dogs by active avoidance learning, he discovered the phenomenon of learned helplessness. The scientists had the assumption that dogs can understand a reaction before the learning process started (Mcraney, 2015). Seligmann and Maier expected conditioned dogs to react faster than so-called `naive dogs`, who could not build an association between the tone and the experience (Seligmann, 1967). Firstly, they applied classical conditioning to investigate the reactions of inescapable shocks on active avoidance learning in dogs. Accordingly, Seligmann divided the dogs into three groups. The dogs in the first group were strapped into a hammock for a while and then untied. The dogs in the second group were strapped as well, and received electroshocks,