Cause, Developments, And The Effects Of Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities

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Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Intellectual and developmental disabilities often overlap with other areas of disability, as the effects of other disabilities may hinder development in the child. This essay will look at the definition of IDD, as well as the causes, behavior, and some intervention procedures for children with IDD.
According to the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD), intellectual disability is a “disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning (reasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behavior, which covers a range of everyday social and practical skills.” This category covers the same group that once fell under the label of “mental retardation.” This term has been replaced with “intellectual disabilities” to eliminate the negative connotations of this termination. Intellectual disabilities are just one of many developmental disabilities. AAIDD defines developmental disabilities as “severe chronic disabilities that can be cognitive or physical or both.” Some of these disabilities include cerebral palsy and epilepsy. Conditions that involve disabilities that are both physical and cognitive (i.e. intellectual disabilities) include Down syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
According to the Annual Disability Status Report, in 2015 4% of children ages 5-20 in the United States had some type of “cognitive disability” and around 1% were unable to care for
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