Characteristics Of Social Cognitive Theory

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Social refer to a party of people assembled to promote sociability and communal activity while cognitive refer to a process that is connected with recognizing and understanding things. Social cognitive theory (SCT) is the view that people learn by watching others. In psychology, it explains personality in terms of how a person thinks about and responds to one's social environment. Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) started as the Social Learning Theory (SLT) in the 1960s by Albert Bandura. In 1986, it developed into the SCT and posits that learning occurs in a social context with a dynamic and reciprocal interaction of the person (face-to-face / interpersonal communication), environment, and behavior. Emphasis on social influence and emphasis on external and internal social reinforcement is the only characteristic of SCT. Example, the child who told the truth, got the candy reward from parents or teachers, after that he will preferred to tell the truth; the child who had a liar, got the candy also, and later he will preferred to lie more. The theory takes into account a person's past experiences, which factor into whether behavioral action will occur. These past experiences influences reinforcements, expectations, and expectancies, all of which shape whether a person will engage in a specific behavior and the reasons why a person engages in that behavior. The goal of SCT is to explain how people balance their behavior through control and reinforcement to achieve goal-directed behavior that can be maintained over time.

The first five constructs were developed as part of the SLT that is behavioral capability, reciprocal determinism, observational learning, reinforcements and expectations; the construct of self-efficacy was added when the theory evolved into SCT. Behavioral capability refers to a person’s actual ability to perform a behavior through basic knowledge and skills. In order to successfully perform a behavior, a person must know what to do and how to do it. For example, a student know what should they do and know how to do about the assignment that give by their lecturer. Dynamic interaction of the person, the behavior, and the environment in which the behavior is performed; consider multiple avenues to
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