Child Development: Developmental, Physical, Psychological, And Emychosocial Development

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Child development is defined as the biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth to teenage year from dependency to increase independence. The physical, cognitive, social, and emotional growth that takes place in the first years of a child’s life sets the foundation for success or failure in learning and life. It is known that to guide a child to gain his or her optimal potential, it’s essential to understand their need and help them in fulfilling it. Development study by Erikson explores how a child develops from birth to age eight from all perspectives: physical/motor, cognitive, social, emotional, and language. It focuses on how development occurs within the context of family, community, culture,…show more content…
Erikson suggests that there is still plenty of room for continued growth and development throughout one’s life. Erikson puts a great deal of emphasis on the adolescent period, feeling it was a crucial stage for developing a person’s identity. Five stages happen in development of are child trust versus mistrust (0- 1.5years) which oral sensory stage occurs during time the greatest helplessness time of each person and he/she is totally dependent on primary caregiver. Relationship is not exclusively biological which means if mother responds too baby’s physical needs and provides affection, love and security the infant will develop trust if mother is rejecting, careless or unreliable the infant will develop an attitude of mistrust. Second stage is autonomy versus doubt (1.5- 3 years) it about muscular-anal stage during this stage for the first time in their lives children can exercise some degree of choice and can experience their autonomous will. When parents stop the child’s attempt to exercise their independence the child develops feelings of self-doubt and shame in dealing with

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