Classical Civilizations: The Reigns of Caesar and Augustus

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Classical Civilizations Dear Friend, The expansion of Roman territory into Gaul and the Rhine River are signs that the republic is continuing to enlarge its borders. This occurred with Julius Cesar successfully invading and capturing these areas in 60 BC. To achieve these objectives he had won election to the Senate and secured the support of key allies. Moreover, Cesar controlled a total of four legions. This gave him the ability to move further North into Britannia and secure the other side of the Rhine River (through the construction of a bridge). (Walker) (Edwards) The combination of these factors helped Cesar to become the head of the Roman government. However, a number of political opponents wanted to limit his power. This is because he had become larger than life and started to reform the system (which caused him to be seen as arrogant). When this happened, many of his enemies started plotting against him. This is when they had operatives assassinate Cesar (in order to remove him from power) in 44 BC. (Walker) (Edwards) These actions were in response to Cesar being bestowed as dictator of the Roman world. As a result, he implemented a series of political and social reforms that threatened their way of life. The most notable include: streamlining authority with one individual, improving government administration and more closely connecting the different provinces together. These changes helped Cesar to win popularity among the people and within the Senate.

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