Essay on Clinical Decision Support System

4737 Words Sep 28th, 2013 19 Pages
Abstract
Clinical decision-support systems (CDSS) apply best-known medical knowledge to patient data for the purpose of generating case-specific decision-support advice. CDSS forms the cornerstone of health informatics research and practice. It is an embedded concept in almost all major clinical information systems and plays an instrumental role in helping health care achieve its ultimate goal: providing high quality patient care while, at the same time, assuring patient safety and reducing costs. This computer based systems designed to impact clinician decision making about individual patients at the point in time that these decisions are made. If used properly, CDSS have the potential to change the way medicine has been taught and
…show more content…
This stream of research eventually developed into a dedicated discipline, Artificial Intelligence in Medicine (AIM), with wide appeal and broad consensus for optimism. In 1970, Schwartz announced in the New England Journal of Medicine that clinical computing would likely be commonplace in the “not too distant future.” The use of computerized clinical information systems to support hospital operation as well as clinical activities started to flourish in the early 1990s. Besides the significant technological breakthroughs, including the availability of enterprise-level database management systems (DBMS) and health data standards such as ICD and HL7, new legislation and advocacy by federal funding agencies also played a key role. International Statistical Classification of Diseases: Standard diagnostic classification developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) for its member states to report mortality and morbidity statistics. In the United States, ICD-9-CM (ICD 9th Revision, Clinical Modification) is widely used to codify diagnostic data for administrative (such as billing) purposes. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/datawh/ftpserv/ftpICD9/ftpICD9.htm. Health Level Seven (HL7) is an all-volunteer, not-for-profit organization. It oversees the development of international health data exchange standards. http://www.hl7.org. Financial investments to implement large-scale health IT systems were made by the Agency for…