Compare Public Management Reform in the Uk with Singapore. What Does the Comparison Tell You About the Factors That Shape Public Management in Each Country?

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Competency, bureaucracy and public management reform: A comparative analysis
Make sure I read before completing essay, very relevant!
Also last seminar presentation (governance, NPM)

Compare Public Management Reform in the UK with Singapore. What does the comparison tell you about the factors that shape public management in each country?
Introduction
Governments around the world are moving from outmoded tradition towards managerial modernity in attempt to get their public sector organisations to run better. A key issue on a countries public agenda in society is education to ensure sufficient knowledge is attained for their citizens, more specifically, the next generation. The emphasis on education is evident because it provides
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Today they remain a great power with leading economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence. International trade is not as big as Singapore’s as a proportion of GDP, but like Singapore, they are highly exposed to global forces, especially with the importance of the capital as a global financial centre. Like Singapore, the UK has a parliamentary system but it is a full democracy where there is more competition to govern meaning pressure groups can influence policy change more than in Singapore.
UK is not quite the multicultural state like Singapore, but it still has a large proportion of foreign born residents where it experienced rapid immigration from the 1990’s.
Over the last thirty years, public spending from the conservatives was much higher in comparison to the Labour government. Thatcher’s government wanted to minimise Public Sector Borrowing which in turn, led to a tighter fiscal policy. As a result the conservative government reduced public spending from 47.3% of GDP to 38.8% of GDP from 1984-1987. In Education, public spending dropped from 5.41% of GDP in 1980 to 4.14% of GDP in 1990, however, between 1986, the proportion of the total budget spent on Education increased from 10.7%, 11.4%, 11.8%, 12.2%, and 12.2% in every year respectively until 1991. This reiterates the greater emphasis put on education by the conservatives during them years, hence the
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