Concept Of Self Care For Patients With Diabetes Essay

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Concept analysis is frequently seen as a pre-requisite to theory development, but this is not always the case, nor should it be. Concept analysis and theory development can be done concurrently. As the understanding of the concept is clarified and fine-tuned so will be the theory. The aim of this analysis is to understand the concept of self-care in relation to patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus from Dorthea Orem’s theories: theory of self-care, theory of self-care deficit, the theory of nursing systems, and the theory of dependent care. Each step of the framework provided by Walker and Avant (2005) will be used to evaluate the concept of self-care for patients with diabetes in the following sections: definition, literature review, defining attributes, antecedents, consequences, empirical referents, and case studies.
Definition and Explanation of Self-Care Concept The Merriam-Webster dictionary (2016) defines self-care as “care for oneself: self-treatment.” In the 1980s support groups were formed to try to meet the needs or the self that were not being met through healthcare. The founding of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) spurred this self-help movement and was an impetus for the development of the concept of self-care and the idea that the individual had the responsibility to care for oneself. Psychology has labeled the concept self-efficacy and includes the patient’s willingness along with confidence to do life-sustaining activities in their definition of self-care.

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