Congenital Heart Disease ( Chd )

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Congenital Heart disease (CHD)

Congenital heart disease is also known as “Congenital heart defect” or congenital cardiovascular malformations. The word “congenital” means existing at birth. Congenital heart defects change the normal flow of blood to the heart. CHD is the most common type of birth defect, this disease affects 8 out of every 1,000 newborns. More than 35,000 babies each year in the United States are born with a congenital heart defect.

If you have a congenital heart defect it means your heart has a problem with its structure when you were born. Defects may involve the inferior walls of the heart, the valves inside the heart, the arteries and veins that carry the blood to the heart or the body. You may also be born with a small hole in your heart or it could be more severe. In these cases there may be very serious conditions, but many of which can be treated with surgery.

Congenital heart disease include many different types of defects. Some of these defects are simple, such as a hole in the septum. Others, are more complex and severe that include combinations of simple defects, problems with the location of blood vessels leading to and from the heart and other serious problems with the development of the heart. The different types of defects ranging from simple to complex are holes in the heart (septal defects or atrial septal defects-ASD), Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA-abnormal blood flow occurs between the aorta and pulmonary artery), Narrowed valves

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