To determine what products to produce companies must first understand why consumers buy the items they buy, or determine their interest and necessities, this understanding is gained from analyzing consumer behavior. Consumer behavior is defined as the process by which individuals search for, select, purchase, use, and dispose of goods and services, in satisfaction of their needs and wants (2017). To understand how to target their market consumers Nighthawk Motor’s needs to analyze the factors associated with consumer behavior. Research services describe five important consumer behavior factors as; marketing campaigns, economic conditions, personal preferences, group influence, and purchasing power (N.D.).
Understanding consumer behaviour is essential to succeed in business. As Solomon et al. (2013) stresses, businesses exist to satisfy consumer’s needs. By identifying and understanding the factors that influences their customers, firms have the opportunity to develop a more efficient strategy, marketing message and advertising campaigns that is more in line with the needs and ways of thinking of their target consumers (Perreau, 2015).
When people live, they have to do some choices and activities to make the conditions easier, during their all life. Consumer behaviour includes these all decisions, needs, desires, activities and consumptions to make the world a more liveable place (Cohen et al., 2014). Key concepts in consumer behaviour can be considered as decision making, values, motivations, self-concept, personality, expectations, attitudes, perceptions, trust and loyalty. Satisfaction can not be provided without any of these components. Dissatisfaction and negative emotions, attitudes and perceptions may be caused unwanted behaviour by customers (Cohen et al., 2014).
Consumer decision-making is needs-based. Consequently, the process of understanding consumers does not so much rest on identifying the behavioural patterns of a group and then choosing to pitch a product to them, but rather on identifying the specific need which is common to certain people and accordingly striving to satisfy that need (Brady, 2010).
In today’s world of various products and services, businesses aim to excel and lead the competition by marketing the most number of consumers, which is a full time endeavor of business. To survive in the market, a firm or an organization has to be constantly innovating and understand the latest consumer trends and tastes. Marketers need to understand consumer behavior because the decision-making process for consumers is anything but straight forward. Consumers’ behaviors and their purchasing patterns is a huge advantage to understanding the way customers think and the reason for their purchases. Therefore, the study of consumer behavior is important because it allows the
The value of studying the consumer behavior is that it gives vital information to an organization for designing an effective marketing strategy. The way a consumer thinks, perceives, decides and is influenced is important in designing of promotional campaigns for any product.
Since the1950s, the majority of consumer behaviour literature has been built upon two assumptions. The first is that consumer behaviours can be influenced and shaped by multiple factors, which can be generalized as (Engel, Blackwell, and Miniard, 1995):
For this marketer has to study and understand the various factors which influences the customers thoughts while buying any product or services. In simple words, the various reasons which govern and finally force the customer to go for that particular product and services.
1. Using the tricomponent attitude model, compare the differences in attitude of consumers towards Kraft Foods versus their attitude towards Vegemite.
Consumer behavior refers to the selection, purchase and consumption of goods and services for the satisfaction of their wants. There are different processes involved in the consumer behavior. Initially the consumer tries to find what commodities he would like to consume, then he selects only those commodities that promise greater utility. After selecting the commodities, the consumer makes an estimate of the available money which he can spend. Lastly, the consumer analyzes the prevailing prices of commodities and takes the decision about the commodities he should consume. Meanwhile, there are various other factors influencing the purchases of consumer such as social, cultural, personal and psychological. The explanation
Consumers are the centre of many marketers work. While the consumer is part of the marketing environment, it is also very important to recognise and understand the more personal and specific influences effecting consumers and the nature of the decision making process they use.
Consumer behavior is defined in a variety of ways such as “the dynamic interaction of affect and cognition, behavior and environmental events by which human beings conduct the exchange aspects of their lives.” by the American Marketing Association. (2008). In a simpler form, consumer behavior can be explained as the actions of consumers and the different approaches a person may take to decide what to buy and the decision making process. The decision making process can be effected by many factors all related to a person or persons lifestyle. Determining that behavior can be confusing and
Consumer psychology examines the consumers influence and their perceptions, thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and how these affect their decision of buying products and services. It studies the
Understanding consumer buying behavior entails marketing, relationships, and consumer behavior. Consumer behavior comprises all the consumer decisions and activities connected with the choosing, buying, using and disposing of goods and services. Marketers must pay very close attention to consumer behavior that occurs before the purchase and after the particular product has been used. Studying consumer habits is one of the steps in marketing search and analysis. In addition to other basic principles of consumer buying habits, marketers also need to study the decision and actions of real people. Until recent history the study of consumer behavior was focused on generalized consumer decisions. With
1. Consumers are often` confronted with incomplete information. How do consumers deal with incomplete information for (a) attribute values (b) brands? (give examples)