Auschwitz was one of the most infamous and largest concentration camp known during World War II. It was located in the southwestern part of Poland commanded by Rudolf Höss. Auschwitz was first opened on June 14, 1940, much later than most of the other camps. It was in Auschwitz that the lives of so many were taken by methods of the gas chamber, crematoriums, and even from starvation and disease. These methods took "several hundreds and sometimes more than a thousand" lives a day. The majority of the lives killed were those of Jews although Gypsies, Yugoslavs, Poles, and many others of different ethnic backgrounds as well. The things most known about Auschwitz are the process people went through when entering the camp and
During the Nazi Holocaust, multiple working and death camps were created to hold the captured Jews. While the Jews lived in this camp, they were tortured, mistreated, worked to death and eventually were put to death by either execution by firearm or were put into a death camp which exterminated the Jews using poison gas. The Nazi Party had developed many death camps in the central european area including the 6 death camps of Poland; Auschwitz, Treblinka, Belzec, Chelmno, Sobibor, and Majdanek.
85 years ago, over a 12 year period, nearly six million Jews were killed in a genocide called The Holocaust. The Holocaust was led by the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler was their leader. The mass murders took place at concentration camps throughout Europe. The majority of concentration camps resided in Poland and Germany. Many people believe there were only a few concentration camps. “However, researchers found that the Nazis had actually established 20,000 camps between 1933 and 1945” (“How Many Camps,” n.d.). In this paper I will be discussing the largest concentration camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau.
“‘Monsters exist, but they are too few in number to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are the common men, the functionaries ready to believe and to act without asking questions’” (Quotes About Holocaust, 1). The Nazi concentration camp, Auschwitz was the brutal murder site of millions of innocent Jews and other perceived enemies of Germany. Here, death and suffering was the norm and there was no escape from the wicked acts of the Nazis until the prisoners’ long awaited liberation. However, Auschwitz changed the victims’ lives forever.
The events that took place at Death camps were horrific and very hard to understand. “At these camps, Jews and other inferiors were herded like cattle, told to take off their clothes and go to the shower.” These “showers” were not actually showers like the prisioners thought, they were gas chambers. In the gas chambers, they lined people up and sent them into the large chambers with many others where toxic gas was was spread into the air and the prisioners were forced to stay in and breathe the air until the died. This was a very easy way to murder a large amount as fast as possible, just as the Nazis wanted. The gas chambers were just one way that the prisioners were killed. A different method of murder they used was lining everyone up and shooting them. When they died, they fell into the trench behind them and were either buried in the trenth or taken to the crematorium. (Hitler’s
Anti-semitism in Germany led by Adolf Hitler would back up a plan called the final solution, to exterminate all of the Jews in Europe. Out of the 100 million Jews aimed for extermination, 6 million of them were killed. On his path to German greatness, Jews became victim to inconceivable actions. First the Nuremberg Laws were passed which stripped Jews of their german citizenship, eliminating their opportunity to flee to other countries. After Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass, Hitler forcefully deported Jewish people into fenced confinements called ghettos. More Jews died here than in any extermination camp due to the harsh conditions and labor. Most people living in ghettos had no access to running water or a sewage system and overcrowding
In 1941, Germans started to transport the people they believed were the least useful from the ghettos to the concentration camps. Many of these people were sick, old and very young. On March 17, 1942, the first gassings began at the camp of Belzec. From then, five more mass killing centers were built at camps in Poland. Between 1942 and 1945, Jews were taken to the camps from all over Europe. In Warsaw ghetto, 300,000 Jews were taken and placed into a camp and at Auschwitz more than 2 million people were murdered. Within the labor camps, there was a large population of Jewish and non-Jewish prisoners who were not only gassed, but thousands of others either died of disease or starvation. A large proportion of Hungary’s Jewish population was taken to Auschwitz, killing as many as 12,000 Jews every day.
The third phase of the holocaust was known as the final stage. In 1942 at a meeting held in Wannsee Poland, Hitler’s top officials agreed to begin a new phase of the mass murder of Jews. In addition to mass slaughter and starvation they would add a third method of killing. This third method was committing murder by poisonous gas. As deadly as overwork, starvation, beatings, and bullets were, they did not kill fast enough to satisfy the Nazis. The Germans built six death camps in Poland. The first, Chelmno began operating in 1941, before the meeting at Wannsee. Each camp had several large gas chambers in which as many as 12,000 people could be killed a day. Auschwitz was the largest of the death camps. The Jews were told to undress because they would be taking a shower. They
Of all of the death camps built by the Nazis during World War II, none was larger or more destructive than the terrifying Auschwitz camp. Auschwitz was built by the Nazis in 1940, in Oswiecim, Poland, and was composed of three main parts. Auschwitz I was built in June 1940 and was intended to hold and kill Polish political prisoners. Auschwitz II-Birkenau, which opened October 1941, was larger and could contain over 100,000 inmates. Auschwitz III-Monowitz provided slave labor for a plant close by. In addition, there were many sub-camps. The most important camp at Auschwitz designed for the extermination of many people was Birkenau; numerous gas chambers and crematoria were established there, mainly to murder and incinerate Jews as
During the Holocaust, Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau were two of the biggest death camps in all of Poland. Jews from all over Europe were sent to these two camps. In this article are sections about before Auschwitz became the camp, treatment, gas chambers, and the aftermath of the Holocaust.
The very first killing at the death camps was at Chelmno death camp.It began December 1941 and killed 152,000 between December 1941 and March 1943. Which opened in Warthegau, part of poland annexed to germany. To get rid of the bodies they either burn them in a big smoke tower, or take out to the forest and dig a big ditch to dump all the bodies into it. Almost all of the deportees who arrived at the camps were sent straight away to the gas chambers to be killed. German SS and police killed over 2,700,000 jews by gas stations or by
My camp is Auschwitz - Birkenau one of the largest concentration camps where Jews were held captured. Inside the camp were four gas chambers. Each gas chamber used Zyklon B gas. Most people brought to this camp were Jews. Before entering the chamber they were ordered to undress. Once they finished the Nazis locked the doors and dropped in the gas. Also, when they died they burned the Jews. The bones were disintegrated and their ashes were spread out on the fields.
There were Concentration Camps, Labour Camps, and Extermination Camps. In Labour Camps prisoners were used like slaves and forced to work. Extermination Camps were camps that only murdered victims. In the camps prisoners were beaten, starved, and murdered ( Crystal). The prisoners were mainly killed by carbon monoxide poisoning. The gas used was called Zyklon B, and it took one hour to kill them. Gas vans were used first, but were eventually switched over to gas chambers. Gas chambers were used, because they could hold up to two thousand victims. After the victims slowly suffocated their bodies were burned in large ovens (
Auschwitz was one of the largest and first concentration camp during WW2 and next to Auschwitz were two other death camps that were named Auschwitz ll and lll. At Auschwitz, there was a total of 8 gas chambers and 4 of them can hold up to 2,000 prisoners (Mostly Jews) at a time. There were 11 million people murdered in the Holocaust and it estimated that 6 million Jews were killed and one in six was killed at Auschwitz.