Crohn 's Disease And Disease

3608 Words Jan 4th, 2015 15 Pages
CROHN’S DISEASE

Crohn’s Disease is a chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal (“GI”) tract that can occur anywhere along the alimentary canal from the mouth to the anus. It is the second most common form of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (“IBD”) after Ulcerative Colitis and can be hard to distinguish from it due to the overlapping signs and symptoms. They are not, however, the same. With Crohn’s Disease the inflammation most often occurs in the small intestine at the end of the ileum and continues into the beginning of the colon, but inflammation may be found in multiple places along the digestive tract at the same time with normal, unaffected areas in between the distended areas. Furthermore, the disease will spread through every layer of tissue in the affected area. Ulcerative Colitis only affects the colon, rectum and innermost lining of the aggravated area. Because Crohn’s Disease can occur in more than one region of the GI tract at the same time, scientists have broken the disease down into five sub-categories based on the location in which they occur; gastroduodenal Crohn Disease, jejunoileitis, ileitis, ileocolitis, and Crohn colitis also known as granulomatous colitis. Ileocolitis is the most common form of Crohn’s Disease and usually involves the ileocecal valve as well as the ileum and the colon. In addition to the aforementioned sub-categories, some doctors will break them down even further into clinical categories based on the predominant symptoms such as…
Open Document