Cross Cultural Leadership And Diversity

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A511.8.4.CM - Leadership Concept Map
Chapters 14

Cross-cultural Leadership and Diversity
Globalization and changing demographic patterns are making it more important for leaders to understand how to influence and manage people with different values, beliefs, and expectations. There has been more leadership research on cross‐cultural aspects and gender differences than on other types of diversity (Ospina & Foldy, 2009).

Importance of Cross-cultural Research
Leaders must also be able to understand how people from different cultures view them and interpret their actions. Some aspects of a leadership theory may be relevant for all cultures, but other aspects may apply only to a particular type of culture.

Types of Cross-cultural Studies
As in the case of the leadership research conducted within a single culture, much of the cross‐cultural research involves leader behavior, skills, and traits. The most common approach has been to explain cross‐cultural differences in leadership in terms of differences in cultural values. Some cross‐cultural studies examine how beliefs about effective leadership behavior, skills, and traits are similar or different from one country to another.

Cultural Influences on Leadership Behavior
Cultural values and traditions can influence the attitudes and behavior of managers in a number of different ways (Adler, 1997; Fu & Yukl, 2000; House et al., 1997; Lord & Maher, 1991). The values are likely to be internalized by managers who grow up in a
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