Define Sufisticism

Decent Essays
Jessi Wilder
Quiz 3

Define Sufism and discuss the life and contributions of Rabi’a al-Adawiyya (Rabi’a of Basra) in developing the Sufi tradition.

What is Sufism? Islamic Mysticism, “the great spiritual current that goes through all religions”. Sufism is a mystical trend in Islam which is characterized by specific rituals, practices, values, and doctrines. Sufism started as far back as Muhammad. Occurring in both Shia and Sunni Islam, Sufism is not a discrete faction, as commonly assumed. Sufism is just a different way of a understanding the religion. Sufis strive to take the normal practice of the religion to an extreme level. They do this through both achieving the regular and mandatory religious duties. Muslims believe
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A lot of Sufis believe that by pledging allegiance to a Sufi Shaykh they are pledging allegiance to Muhammad and by doing that a spiritual connection is made between Muhammad and the Sufi. Sufis use this special connection Muhammad as a way to expand their knowledge, understanding, and connection with God. This can be better understood by the hadith, which is regarded to be something that Muhammad said, "I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate". Rabi‘a al-'Adawiyya played a very large role in the growth of Sufism. She was a role model of a particular style of Sufism which developed during her time. She dedicated her life to complete devotion and full submission in the service of Allah. Her contribution was later highlighted by Sufis. Nobody took any thought of her gender and just though of her as an important Sufi. Rabi’a represented different elements of Sufism. She challenged the social norm of the power and status of women. Rabi'a was born a servant or a slave released by her master when he “awoke one night to see the light of sanctity shining above her head”. Rabi'a is well known for her teachings which have an emphasis on the love of God and the dedication to a holy life. She is believed to have once said "O God! If I worship You for fear of Hell, burn me in Hell, and if I worship You in hope of Paradise, exclude me from Paradise. But if I worship You for Your Own sake, grudge me not Your everlasting
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