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Depression In Infants: Paul Trad's Study

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A human developmentalist, by the name of John Bradshaw once said, “Since the earliest period of our life was preverbal, everything depended on emotional interaction. Without someone to reflect our emotions, we had no way of knowing who we were”. From the moment an embryo is implanted into a mother’s womb, human life is dependent on the attachment of a caregiver, someone to provide it the necessary nutrients and nurturement for a healthy development. Over the course of time, researchers have conducted countless studies to determine whether which of the two was more vital, the fundamental necessities such as food and water or the attachment to a caregiver, for a typical development of not just the human species, but all mammals. However, consistently results have proven to show that attachment has played a vital role in the…show more content…
Paul Trad, in his study, “Depression in Infants” highlights that significant revision has been done on the concept of infancy depression over years. At first, theorists refused to agree that depression could occur during infancy (Reynolds & Johnston, 2013). But the Diagnostic & and statistical manual of mental disorders in included an infant depression diagnosing criteria. According to the author, such criteria happen to be substantially similar to as those used in describing depression in adults. The hypothetical stance has thus developed from the earlier psychoanalytic notion that depression in infants could not exist because of the absence of superego to ideas of masked depression as well as depressive equivalents whereby infants were said to manifest depression by way of disorders and behaviors different from the ones seen in adults to today’s nosology that suggests that infants have the ability to experience an effective condition which could mirror depression in
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