Diabetes : A Lifelong Disorder

2683 Words Sep 8th, 2014 11 Pages
Griselda Flores
MED 2056
PTY
Diabetes Mellitus
Instructor Mandy Salzedo
09/07/2014

Diabetes is a lifelong disorder in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar by converting sugar, starches, and other foods into engery necessary for daily life. The problem may be caused by too little insulin or the body 's resisitance to using the insulin that is secreted by the pancreas, a small organ that lies behind the lower part of the stomach (Laberge, 2011). As a result, glucose in the blood cannot be absorbed or used by the cells of the body. There are two major types of diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2. In order to diagnos diabetes laboratory tests such as Urine tests
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Type 1 diabetes formerly known as insulin dependent or juvenile diabetes is a sudden onset in which the body produces little or no insulin and commonly begins in childhood or adolescence, although anyone can develop type 1 diabetes at any time (Gale, 2013). Without insulin, sugar stays in the bloodstream and cannot be used to fuel the body cells. In this disease the body 's immune system attacks and destroys beta cells in the pancreas by producing autoantibodies that cannot distinguish between an intruder and the bodys own beta cells that produce insulin (Brill, 2008). Thus, people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin injections to stay alive as the disease can be rapidly fatal without daily administration of unsulin (WHO, 2008). Type 2 diabetes formerly known as non-insulin dependent or adult onset diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes that has a gradual onset and is not an autoimmune disease. This form of diabetes was thought to typically occur among middle-aged or older adults, however, over the last two decades greater numbers of adolescents and children have developed the disease (Brill, 2008). “In this form of diabetes the pancreas usually continues to produce insulin, but for unknown reasons beta cells do not make enough insulin, or the body 's muscle and fat cells no longer recognize insulin, or both to some degree”
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