Diabetes : A Lifelong Disorder

2683 Words Sep 8th, 2014 11 Pages
Griselda Flores
MED 2056
PTY
Diabetes Mellitus
Instructor Mandy Salzedo
09/07/2014

Diabetes is a lifelong disorder in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar by converting sugar, starches, and other foods into engery necessary for daily life. The problem may be caused by too little insulin or the body 's resisitance to using the insulin that is secreted by the pancreas, a small organ that lies behind the lower part of the stomach (Laberge, 2011). As a result, glucose in the blood cannot be absorbed or used by the cells of the body. There are two major types of diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2. In order to diagnos diabetes laboratory tests such as Urine tests and blood tests are done. Clinistix and Diastix are paper strips or dipsticks that change color when dipped in urine that show the amount of glucose in the urine based on the change in color( Laberge, 2011). Another type of a dipstick test is a Ketostix which is a urine test that detects ketones in the urine. Examples of blood tests that may be used for diagnosis are hemoglobin A1C test, fingerstick, fasting blood glucose test, and glucose tolerance test. A hemoglobin A1C test measure the amount of blood sugar attached to the hemoglobin in red blood cells. “An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two seperate tests indicates the patient has diabetes” (Laberge, 2011, p. 5). The fingerstick test is often done as a screener in a dr. 's…
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