Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism—the way the body uses digested food for growth and energy. Most of the food people eat is broken down into glucose, the form of sugar in the blood. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body. After digestion, glucose passes into the bloodstream, where it is used by cells for growth and energy. For glucose to get into cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach. Insulin is a hormone that helps
Diabetes case study Q1. Compare the incidents of diabetes within each region of the U.S. for the past year and identify which state has the highest burden of this disease. Although the increasing prevalence of diabetes has been long noted in the media, only recently have the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) begun to compile "state-specific data on diabetes. Southern states have the highest diabetes rate. Among the 10 states with the highest diabetes rates, only Arizona is not in the South.
In Diabetes blood glucose levels raise after a meal and remain above normal levels because insulin is either inadequate or ineffective. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, it accounts for 90 to 95% of cases.(1) The primary defect is insulin resistance or a lack of sensitivity to insulin in eight main areas which includes muscle, adipose cells, liver, beta cell in the pancreas, alpha cells in the pancreas, intestine, kidney and brain. Muscle is affected by becoming resistant to insulin
The Human body needs glucose to perform many important body functions, however too much glucose within the system, provided by foods high in sugar content, can become problematic and even life-threatening. Diabetes mellitus, more specifically type II, is becoming more prominent among younger generations and this could be due to the increased consumption of higher glycemic index foods. To fully understand how the body responds and adjusts to glucose levels, a group of physiology students at Oklahoma
Diabetes: There has been an increase in diabetes (pre-diabetes and diabetes) in the ethnic groups of African-Americans (AA) Hispanics, native Americans, and Asian American than any other population (Woo and Wynne, 2012). The annual cost to care for diabetic patients is greater than 174 billion and is the leading cause of blindness, end-stage renal disease and lower extremity amputations (Woo and Wynne, 2012). Race and Ethnic Group Although advances in medicine regarding diabetes have increased,
Diabetes mellitus (DM), also known as diabetes, is a disease that directly affects the way the endocrine system produces or uses insulin throughout the body. When a person has diabetes, the pancreas does not produce a sufficient amount of insulin or the body becomes resistant to the insulin produced; these factors depend on which type of diabetes the patient is diagnosed with (Hart & Loeffler, 2015). Insulin is a vital component in the body used to convert glucose (sugar) in to energy. If the body
cross section study among type 2 diabetes patients with hypertension comorbidity at Jimma University specialized Hospital (JUSH) from April 4 to May 11,2016. The hospital is the only teaching and referral hospital in Southwestern part of Ethiopia. It provides specialized health services for approximately 15,000 inpatient, 160,000 outpatient attendants a year(29). The hospital ambulatory care clinic serves for 1700 type 2 diabetes and 2017 hypertensive patients. Patients with diabetes and hypertension
Of 236 patents, 115 patents were followed up intensively. The demographic, anthropometric details of the study population were presented in table 1. In both the groups’ majority of the participants were males with the diabetic duration of 12.2 and 11.5 years in group I and Group II, respectively. Majority of the patients were on mixed diet (non vegetarians). Presence of family history of diabetes (group I: 65.28 %; group II: 53.91%) family history of diabetic nephropathy (group I: 11.39 %; group II:
With an impact of over 300 million people worldwide, diabetes has become the fastest developing chronic disease (Bonner, et. al, 2016, p. 1). Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus type II has serious health implications such as chronic hyperglycemia, heart disease, stroke, retinopathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy (Bonner, et. al, 2016, p. 2). Whether you have Type I or Type II diabetes, you have an increased risk for developing an open wound or ulcer on your foot. Ulcers usually happen because a person
L. Peters, A. Tsapas, R. Wender, D.R. Matthews, Management of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes, 2015: a patient-centered approach: update to a position statement of the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes, Diabetes Care. 38(1) (2015) 140-149.  M. Grzybowska, J. Bober, and M. Olszewska, Metformin-mechanisms of action and use for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, Postepy. Hig. Med Dosw. 65 (2011) 277- 285.