Different Types of Change Management Models

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In this week literature synthesis different types of change/models of change were introduced. Many change management models are adapted from natural science models such as chaos theory or the behavior of living organisms to nature (Dooley, 1997). The application of these theories will be used as a Meta theory for better understanding change management behavior in theory and practice. Therefore change management models have evolved over the last decades.
In addition, change models can be used for changing a strategy (Gioia and Chittipeddi, 1991) or changing an organization (Caldwell, 2003). The change itself can be done episodically or continuously (Weick and Quinn, 1999).

Single, double- and triple loop learning in change management

In my opinion an important feature of many models of change is that they underline single and double loop learning rather than triple-loop learning. Gioa and Chittipeddi (1991, p. 444) notes that the Sensemaking and Sensegiving model contains a re-visioning loop which is from my point of you a typical double loop learning process according to Agrys and Schön (1978). Additionally, Weick and Quinn (1999) describe single loop learning as a first order change and follow the typology of the life cycle and evolution approach according to Van de Ven and Poole (1995). Further, Weick and Quinn (1999) claim that a first order change creates only a minor alteration in a current conviction. Torbert (1999, p.202) adds that the Meta theory

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